reed

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reed,

name used for several plants of the family Graminae (grassgrass,
any plant of the family Gramineae, an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in great areas of low
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 family). The common American reed, also called reedgrass and canegrass, is a tall perennial grass (Phragmites australis), widely distributed in fresh or brackish wet places. It has stout, creeping rootstalks and a large plumelike panicle. In the SW United States this grass is called carrizo and is used in building adobe huts; it has also been used for thatching and cordage. Native Americans collected a sweet exudate from the plant and made arrows of the stalks. The leaves served as edible greens and the seeds as a cereal food. Due in part to the degradation of salt marshes and in part to the supplanting of the native P. australis by a Eurasian variety, the reed has become invasive in American wetlands, where it often forms a monoculture. The giant reed (Arundo donax), of similar appearance, is native to the Mediterranean region but is now widely naturalized throughout tropical and warm climates, including the S United States. It is often cultivated for ornament, and in Europe the stems have been used to make reed instruments, bagpipes, and reed organs. This is the reed from which PanPan
, in Greek religion and mythology, pastoral god of fertility. He was worshiped principally in Arcadia, and one legend states that he was the son of Hermes, another Arcadian god. Pan was supposed to make flocks fertile; when he did not, his image was flogged to stimulate him.
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 was fabled to have made his panpipe, or syrinx. The "reeds" of wickerwork are often rattanrattan
, name for a number of plants of the genera Calamus, Daemonorops, and Korthalsia climbing palms of tropical Asia, belonging to the family Palmae (palm family).
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. Reeds are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Gramineae.

Reed

 

the sound-producing agent of many musical instruments. The reed is a small plate, fixed at one end, that is caused to vibrate. The vibrations are produced by passing a stream of air over the reed or by plucking or striking it. Reeds are divided into two types: free and beating. Free reeds, which are set in a frame with an opening, are found in the accordion, baian, harmonica, and harmonium. Beating reeds are subdivided into those that are actually made of reed and those that are made of metal. The former make up part of the sound-producing mechanism of such reed instruments as the clarinet, oboe, and bassoon. Metal reeds are used principally in the pipes of reed organs.

reed

[rēd]
(botany)
Any tall grass characterized by a slender jointed stem.
(engineering)
A thin bar of metal, wood, or cane that is clamped at one end and set into transverse elastic vibration, usually by wind pressure; used to generate sound in musical instruments, and as a frequency standard, as in a vibrating-reed frequency meter.
(textiles)
A comblike loom attachment that keeps the warp yarns apart and pushes the filling thread against the woven fabric.

reed

1. A small convex molding, usually one of several set close together to decorate a surface.
2. (pl.) Same as reeding.
3. A straw-like material prepared for thatching a roof.

reed

1. any of various widely distributed tall grasses of the genus Phragmites, esp P. communis, that grow in swamps and shallow water and have jointed hollow stalks
2. the stalk, or stalks collectively, of any of these plants, esp as used for thatching
3. Music
a. a thin piece of cane or metal inserted into the tubes of certain wind instruments, which sets in vibration the air column inside the tube
b. a wind instrument or organ pipe that sounds by means of a reed
4. one of the several vertical parallel wires on a loom that may be moved upwards to separate the warp threads
5. a small semicircular architectural moulding
6. an ancient Hebrew unit of length equal to six cubits
7. an archaic word for arrow

reed

2. the stalk, or stalks collectively, of any of these plants, esp as used for thatching

Reed

1. Sir Carol. 1906--76, English film director. His films include The Third Man (1949), An Outcast of the Islands (1951), and Oliver! (1968), for which he won an Oscar
2. Lou. born 1942, US rock singer, songwriter, and guitarist: member of the Velvet Underground (1965--70). His albums include Transformer (1972), Berlin (1973), Street Hassle (1978), New York (1989), Set the Twilight Reeling (1996), and The Raven (2003)
3. Walter. 1851--1902, US physician, who proved that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes (1900)
References in periodicals archive ?
Zinc, lead and cadmiumtolerance, uptake and accumulation by the common reed, Phragmitesaustralis(Cav.
Parisa Taban, Esmail Kahrom, Mahmood Karami: Common Reed (Phragmites australis) as a Bioindicators in Aras River and its potential monitoring contaminants