soldier

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soldier

1. a low-ranking member of the Mafia or other organized crime ring
2. Zoology
a. an individual in a colony of social insects, esp ants, that has powerful jaws adapted for defending the colony, crushing large food particles, etc.
b. (as modifier): soldier ant

soldier

A brick laid vertically with the longer, narrow face exposed. See also: Brick

soldier

a serving member of an army. In its original sense the term meant a ‘hired man’, reflecting the fact that in premodern states, with some exceptions (e.g. Roman), rather than being conscripted to a citizen army, soldiers were recruited to the personal service of rulers or warlords on a more ad hoc basis. Compare STANDING ARMY.

Soldier

 

(1) An enlisted man.

(2) In the broad sense, a warrior, a military man, or a military veteran.

(3) In the figurative sense, a person who has devoted himself to a cause, for example, a soldier of the revolution.

The term “soldier” originally meant a mercenary warrior who was paid for his service; it appeared in Italy in the 15th century and later gained currency in Western Europe. In Russia, the term (soldat) appeared in the 17th century with the formation of infantry regiments of the new order, modeled on Western European armies. In the regular Russian Army beginning in the 18th century, a recruit received the rank of soldier after a specified time of service. Serfs conscripted under the system of compulsory service recruitment (18th and first half of the 19th century) were emancipated and passed into the soldiers’ estate (soldatskoe soslovie), which included the soldiers’ wives and children.

After the abolition of serfdom in 1861 and the introduction of the compulsory military service system in 1874, the soldiers’ estate ceased to exist, and personnel of the lower ranks—from private to acting officer—were no longer officially called soldiers; the term “soldier” was retained only in the expression “new soldier” (molodoi soldat) to designate recruits who had not yet completed the program of basic training.

After the February Revolution of 1917, the designation “lower rank” was replaced with the rank of soldier in accord with the March 5 order of the military authority. Withthe formation of the Red Army, low-ranking enlisted men were given the rank of krasnoarmeets (“Red Army soldier”) beginning in January 1918. In July 1946 the category of soldier, which included the ranks of private and private first class, was introduced in the Soviet armed forces (seeMILITARY RANKS).

A. G. KAVTARADZE

soldier

soldier, 1
1. A brick that is laid on end, i.e., positioned vertically with its narrower face showing on the wall surface; compare with sailor.
2. Same as soldier pile.

soldier pile, soldier

1. In excavation work, a vertical member which takes the side thrust from horizontal sheeting or from walings and which is supported by struts across the excavation.
2. A vertical member used to prevent the movement of formwork; is held in place by struts, bolts, or wires.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is Holt's greatest contribution to our appreciation of the experience of the common soldier, and it will make his account last while other soldier narratives will be slowly forgotten.
Written from the vantage point of the common soldier -- more specifically from the turret of a Sherman tank -- Galipeau's story encapsulates the history of a generation of young Canadians who were put to the supreme test in dreadful times.
But while Sharpe (ITV, 8pm) is faking his own death, re-enlisting as a common soldier to unmask corruption in the ranks in this fourth series, the production team had their own problems.
Written by Roman history expert Pat Southern, The Roman Army covers types of units, organization of infantry and cavalry, recruitment of soldiers and officers, terms of service, discharge and pensions for veterans, military law, the employment of the army in peacetime and wartime, and particularly examines the day-to-day life of the common soldier in Rome's ranks.
Allen, a ranger and interpreter at Shiloh National Military Park, keeps his commentary succinct and thereby allows this complex common soldier to live on the page.
Kraay looks at the common soldier and barracks life in Bahia in the nineteenth century.
In 1893 Cunningham founded the Confederate Veteran to give voice to the common soldier.
While not the first film about the USA's involvement in the Vietnam conflict, the film was the first to devote its entire storyline to the effect of the war on the common soldier.
This book purports to correct these misperceptions and finally give the common Soldier his due.
We have little on the common soldier during battles, and what we do have does not lend itself to answering the question Daly is posing.
Stephen Fritz has now added a compelling history of the common soldier in the German army, focusing on the terrible experiences of the Russian front.
First among the factors that make this a worthy study is the evident depth and breadth of Raus's knowledge and understanding of the Civil War in general, and of the common soldier, the communities whose lives shaped and were shaped by the Cortland Volunteers during the war, and the campaigns described in this book in particular.