common-sense knowledge

common-sense knowledge

the knowledge that guides and enables ordinary conduct in everyday life. According to SCHUTZ, common-sense knowledge consists of a huge bundle of understandings acquired through SOCIALIZATION, which resemble recipes for carrying out ordinary actions, such as responding to a greeting or using a telephone. ETHNOMETHODOLOGY studies PRACTICAL REASONING 2 , which is how this knowledge is used in SOCIAL ACTION. See also MUTUAL KNOWLEDGE.
References in periodicals archive ?
For one thing, says Sam Gershman, an assistant professor in Harvard's Department for Brain Science, humans generally learn by understanding the components that make up an image, which may require some real-world or common-sense knowledge.
People tend not to explicitly link in their minds common-sense knowledge to perceptual reality because such knowledge is very basic.
There is a branch of artificial intelligence called knowledge representation and reasoning, which deals with the ability to present and reason with common-sense knowledge.
It begins in early childhood with simple common-sense knowledge expressed in congruent grammar and simple expression of attitudes or evaluations.
Cyc created a seed database of common-sense knowledge using paid experts.
Verbosity is a kind of GWAP and collects common-sense knowledge using the inversion-agreement matching mechanism.
And in her decades of service to the communities of the district, she's brushed up against state government often enough to have a detailed, common-sense knowledge of how it operates.
Daily observations and experience, combined with readily available weather forecasts, both short- and long-term, have given us a common-sense knowledge of how the atmosphere works and an ability to make informed judgments on how best to proceed in the face of present conditions.
The feeling that "he" is overwhelmingly more likely comes not from any linguistic properties, but from common-sense knowledge that the person most in need of extraction from a mess is the one who got into it.
And although the days of simple, easily-repaired vehicles are long and forever gone, a little common-sense knowledge can go a long way toward lessening your chances of being stuck alongside the highway.
The GlobalMind collaboration involves Toshiba working closely with Media Lab Professor Emeritus Marvin Minsky, a pioneer in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), and other Media Lab researchers, to establish a large-scale, multilingual common-sense knowledge database.
Douglas Lenat begins the Cyc project, an ambitious attempt to create a common-sense knowledge base that can eventually become self-educating.