communitarianism a viewpoint on welfare issues that stresses common interests and common values arising from communal bonds. As such, communitarianism is opposed to purely individualistic conceptions of welfare. Communitarian conceptions have enjoyed resurgence recently as a reaction against the political ascendancy of conceptions of welfare based on crude market values. Communitarianism, however, is also sometimes associated with a romanticized cultural conservatism or with otherwise controversial ideas. For example, in his influential account of communitarianism, The Spirit of Community (1993), A. Etzioni suggests that the manufacture of new rights should be banned on the grounds that an ‘inflation of rights’ devalues more grounded moral claims.