commutation of sentence

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commutation of sentence,

in criminal law, reduction of a sentence for a criminal act by action of the executive head of the government. Like pardonpardon,
in law, exemption from punishment for a criminal conviction granted by the grace of the executive of a government. A general pardon to a class of persons guilty of the same offense (e.g., insurrection) is an amnesty.
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, commutation of sentence is a matter of grace, not of right; it is distinguished from pardon, however, in that the conviction of crime is not nullified. The commutation, hence, may be granted on condition that the criminal observe certain restrictions for the balance of his original sentence. Many states have statutes providing for commutation of sentence as a reward for good conduct during imprisonment. Once earned, the commutation becomes a matter of right and may be enforced by court action.
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References in periodicals archive ?
the President on Commutation of Sentence, [paragraph][paragraph] 6, 12
To initiate this commutation of sentence application, Maria Miller was promised a visit with Jay Kimball.
Commutation of sentence is possible in minor offences, Dr Al Mahmood said.
The eighth safeguard specifies that no person may be executed pending any appeal or other recourse procedures, including pardon or commutation of sentence, and the final safeguard concerns the form of execution employed to minimize the suffering of people sentenced to death.
Applications for Pardon, Commutation of Sentence and Early Release of
Demands Noose for Earl Dear," Unidentified newspaper clipping contained in the Application of Earl Dear for Commutation of Sentence, Executive Clemency Files of Governor Frank O.
The congressman took a leading role in contacting the White House to review the case and consider a commutation of sentence.
Q So that this case shouldn't be setting any kind of standard for, say, someone who has already asked for commutation of sentence for, like, 33 months in jail for perjury and obstruction of justice, just as Scooter Libby was charged with those?
The law abolished an article in the penal code that granted a commutation of sentence for anyone who kills a wife, husband or close family member caught in the act of adultery, under the pretext that the killing was driven by extreme anger.
Petition for Commutation of Sentence from Hamedah Hasan, available at http://www.
Van Dine to Governor Richard Yates, undated letter [April, 19041, Application of Harvey Van Dine for Pardon or Commutation of Sentence, Illinois Board of Pardons, Illinois State Archives, Springfield, IL.