This is why someone who cannot afford a dishwasher might convince herself that she actually likes washing dishes by hand or why a taxpayer who lives in a company town by the plant at which she works might convince herself that she prefers that to living fifty miles away and commuting
The following sections provide a comprehensive explanation of the major categories of themes identified through the content analysis: decision making, regularity in commuting
behavior, safety and traffic concerns, and alternative commuting
N In the last decade commuting
passenger miles have increased by six per cent.
An evaluation of definitions on the basis of journey-to-work data from the 1990 census indicates that commuting
across economic-area boundaries is no longer minimal.
However, when commuting
time reaches three hours or more the negative effects "disappear".
US census figures show that over the past four decades Americans are commuting
longer distances, with an average commuting
time of 20-25 minutes.
Employers should also recognize that it's not just the time lost in commuting
that may have adverse effects.
Over the past decade, there has been a trend for fewer, but longer, commuting
Now Dunlop Tyres, which has a major base in Birmingham, wants to name and shame Britain's worst commutes so it can suggest some more enjoyable routes for those that are tired of the daily commuting
And Anna Reyes, who has been commuting
for 20 years from east Hollywood to Warner Center to clean houses at a senior complex, says the Orange Line cut her commute from 90 minutes to an hour by avoiding Ventura Boulevard.
Of all car trips, 22pc are made for commuting
, while only 5pc of commuting
was by national rail.
Generally, daily transportation expenses incurred in going between an employee's residence and a work location are nondeductible commuting