computational linguistics

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Related to computational linguist: Mathematical linguistics

computational linguistics

The science of the structure of human language as applied to the computer. The terms "computational linguistics" and "natural language processing" are often assumed to be synonymous; however, the former refers more to the science, and the latter more to its actual use in the field. See natural language query and voice recognition.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some computational linguists have shown that translations require knowledge about the real world, and the meaning conveyed by a word often is encoded implicitly in the context.
While purely computational approaches are common today, the project focuses on the communication between classical and computational linguists, developing interfaces that allow historical linguists to produce their data in machine readable formats while at the same time presenting the results of computational analyses in a transparent and human-readable way.
Most computational linguists are involved with natural language processing, or just use computers to store large bulks of data or perform tedious and uncreative tasks, he says, but there are a few creative linguistic programs available.
In addition to employing a team of 15 lexicographers and computational linguists who manually add information to the database, the company gathers data through a process called mechanical ontology expansion.
Computational linguists, computer scientists, and similar researchers from Canada, Europe, and Mexico explore questions related to pattern-based approaches to extracting semantic relations from bodies of text in special fields such as a scientific specialty, an academic discipline, or a line of business.
It required more than 300 man-years of effort by a team of renowned computational linguists and computer scientists.
Basis Technology plans to add software engineers, computational linguists, and business development staff in the coming months.

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