conceptual art


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conceptual art,

art movement that began in the 1960s and stresses the artist's concept rather than the art object itself. Growing out of minimalismminimalism,
schools of contemporary art and music, with their origins in the 1960s, that have emphasized simplicity and objectivity. Minimalism in the Visual Arts
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, conceptual art turned the artist's thoughts and ideas themselves into the primary artistic medium, appealing to the spectator's intellect instead of emotions. The movement was partially a reaction to what many artists considered the overcommercialization of art objects in the moneyed world of art galleries and museums. At times in conceptual art, the tangible work of art is no longer present at all, but consists of a set of instructions, texts, notes, diagrams, or other kinds of documentation. In other cases, an image may be present, but the idea behind it is of greater importance than its execution or physical manifestation.

The term "concept art" first appeared (1961) in a publication by Fluxus, an avant-garde art group, and conceptual art was defined at length (1967) in an article by Sol LeWittLeWitt, Sol
, 1928–2007, American artist, b. Hartford, Conn. LeWitt, who came into prominence in the 1960s, termed his work conceptual art, emphasizing that the idea or concept that animates each work is its most important aspect.
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, one of the movement's best-known adherents. Among the other artists associated with the movement are Joseph Kosuth, Bruce NaumanNauman, Bruce
, 1941–, American artist, b. Fort Wayne, Ind., B.A. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison (1964), M.F.A. Univ. of California, Davis (1966). One of the most innovative and influential contemporary American artists, he was partially responsible for restoring political
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, Robert MorrisMorris, Robert,
1931–, American artist, b. Kansas City, Mo. He settled in New York City in 1960 and was allied in his early work with the simple, impersonal forms of minimalism, e.g., an untitled 1965 work consisting of four blocks of gray fiberglass.
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, On Kawara, and members of Britain's Art and Language movement. Many of the works of art of this movement were conceptualized by the artists but executed by craftsmen who worked at the artists' direction. The ideas that fueled the conceptual art movement of the 1960s and 70s continued to influence and animate the work of many artists of the late 20th and early 21st cent. See also contemporary artcontemporary art,
the art of the late 20th cent. and early 21st cent., both an outgrowth and a rejection of modern art. As the force and vigor of abstract expressionism diminished, new artistic movements and styles arose during the 1960s and 70s to challenge and displace
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.

References in periodicals archive ?
I went to Craven College and Huddersfield University but the focus there was on conceptual art, which I never got into.
This original conceptual art had a genuine radical substance; as late as the 50s and 60s, artists such as John Latham and Stuart Brisley were still revolutionaries, but this has been lost by today's artist-celebrities.
The competent, squarely anonymous IBM man is no longer anyone's model employee, and the Robbe-Grillet-inspired impersonality of Conceptual art is no longer so assiduously enforced.
Conceptual art is a challenge both to common notions of what art is, and to the question how art is to be defined, if it can be defined.
Conceptual art has included an erased drawing and even an exhibit of invisible paintings--an empty room.
MAD EP & DJ's armaged:DON, Stress, DJ Invisible Hairnet and visual, interactive and conceptual art from Barry Fox.
This is conceptual art all right, with the emphasis on con.
But Llandeilo-based William Wilkins, a Welsh artist of international standing whose technique is akin to the neo-Impressionists school of work expounded by Georges Seurat, said that to dismiss all conceptual art as a nonsense was akin to sensationalism itself.
Stuckism is an art movement that was founded in 1999 in Britain to promote figurative and emotive painting as opposed to conceptual art.
Works of conceptual art, in depending on some perceptible entity to convey or embody an idea, raise the question of the relation of the idea to the perceptible entity on which it depends.
Chapters on conceptual art survey William Anastasi, Francois Morellet, Bernar Venet, John Baldessari, and Francis Alys; those on performance art detail the work of Joseph Beuys, Andy Warhol, Marina Abramovic and Ulay, James Lee Byars, and Brian O'Doherty.
However - not everyone would be able think of the initial idea behind a conceptual art piece that would successfully encourage the viewer to be engaged in.

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