conceptual art


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conceptual art,

art movement that began in the 1960s and stresses the artist's concept rather than the art object itself. Growing out of minimalismminimalism,
schools of contemporary art and music, with their origins in the 1960s, that have emphasized simplicity and objectivity. Minimalism in the Visual Arts
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, conceptual art turned the artist's thoughts and ideas themselves into the primary artistic medium, appealing to the spectator's intellect instead of emotions. The movement was partially a reaction to what many artists considered the overcommercialization of art objects in the moneyed world of art galleries and museums. At times in conceptual art, the tangible work of art is no longer present at all, but consists of a set of instructions, texts, notes, diagrams, or other kinds of documentation. In other cases, an image may be present, but the idea behind it is of greater importance than its execution or physical manifestation.

The term "concept art" first appeared (1961) in a publication by Fluxus, an avant-garde art group, and conceptual art was defined at length (1967) in an article by Sol LeWittLeWitt, Sol
, 1928–2007, American artist, b. Hartford, Conn. LeWitt, who came into prominence in the 1960s, termed his work conceptual art, emphasizing that the idea or concept that animates each work is its most important aspect.
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, one of the movement's best-known adherents. Among the other artists associated with the movement are Joseph Kosuth, Bruce NaumanNauman, Bruce
, 1941–, American artist, b. Fort Wayne, Ind., B.A. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison (1964), M.F.A. Univ. of California, Davis (1966). One of the most innovative and influential contemporary American artists, he was partially responsible for restoring political,
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, Robert MorrisMorris, Robert
(Robert Eugene Morris), 1931–2018, American artist, b. Kansas City, Mo., studied Kansas City Art Institute, California School of Fine Arts, Reed College. He settled in New York City in 1959.
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, On Kawara, and members of Britain's Art and Language movement. Many of the works of art of this movement were conceptualized by the artists but executed by craftsmen who worked at the artists' direction. The ideas that fueled the conceptual art movement of the 1960s and 70s continued to influence and animate the work of many artists of the late 20th and early 21st cent. See also contemporary artcontemporary art,
the art of the late 20th cent. and early 21st cent., both an outgrowth and a rejection of modern art. As the force and vigor of abstract expressionism diminished, new artistic movements and styles arose during the 1960s and 70s to challenge and displace
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.

References in periodicals archive ?
He said that conceptual art, sometimes simply called conceptualism, is art in which the concepts or ideas involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and material concerns.
Ivan Massow, head of the Institute of Contemporary Arts, once famously described conceptual art as "pretentious, self-indulgent, craftless tat.
This original conceptual art had a genuine radical substance; as late as the 50s and 60s, artists such as John Latham and Stuart Brisley were still revolutionaries, but this has been lost by today's artist-celebrities.
The competent, squarely anonymous IBM man is no longer anyone's model employee, and the Robbe-Grillet-inspired impersonality of Conceptual art is no longer so assiduously enforced.
Although Lippard herself began to identify as a feminist only around 1970, Materializing Six Years presents three distinct strands connecting feminism and Conceptualism from 1966 onward: the demystification of artistic processes that encouraged women's entry into Conceptual art, the blurring of artistic and critical practice, and a growing political consciousness among artists regarding issues of labor.
Conceptual art is a challenge both to common notions of what art is, and to the question how art is to be defined, if it can be defined.
Conceptual art has included an erased drawing and even an exhibit of invisible paintings--an empty room.
MAD EP & DJ's armaged:DON, Stress, DJ Invisible Hairnet and visual, interactive and conceptual art from Barry Fox.
Ambient Space: The Best of NASA Photos, Volume 1" offers an armchair journey into the vastness of space with spectacular images of galaxies, nebulae, the Solar System, Planet Earth, early scenes of NASA, space flight, the shuttle, and the Hubble Space Telescope, as well as other exotic sights and conceptual art.
De-emphasizing the art object while promoting the epistemological importance of language, conceptual art has been a controversial element in the art world since its emergence in the 1960s.
The Triumph of Anti-Art is an absorbing tour through the origins of the controversial art forms of conceptual art and performance art, walking the reader through the seemingly complicated and ambiguous meanings and nuances of such formats.

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