conceptual art

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conceptual art,

art movement that began in the 1960s and stresses the artist's concept rather than the art object itself. Growing out of minimalismminimalism,
schools of contemporary art and music, with their origins in the 1960s, that have emphasized simplicity and objectivity. Minimalism in the Visual Arts
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, conceptual art turned the artist's thoughts and ideas themselves into the primary artistic medium, appealing to the spectator's intellect instead of emotions. The movement was partially a reaction to what many artists considered the overcommercialization of art objects in the moneyed world of art galleries and museums. At times in conceptual art, the tangible work of art is no longer present at all, but consists of a set of instructions, texts, notes, diagrams, or other kinds of documentation. In other cases, an image may be present, but the idea behind it is of greater importance than its execution or physical manifestation.

The term "concept art" first appeared (1961) in a publication by Fluxus, an avant-garde art group, and conceptual art was defined at length (1967) in an article by Sol LeWittLeWitt, Sol
, 1928–2007, American artist, b. Hartford, Conn. LeWitt, who came into prominence in the 1960s, termed his work conceptual art, emphasizing that the idea or concept that animates each work is its most important aspect.
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, one of the movement's best-known adherents. Among the other artists associated with the movement are Joseph Kosuth, Bruce NaumanNauman, Bruce
, 1941–, American artist, b. Fort Wayne, Ind.; studied Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison (B.A., 1964), Univ. of California, Davis (M.F.A., 1966). One of the most innovative and influential contemporary American artists, he was partially responsible for restoring
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, Robert MorrisMorris, Robert,
1931–, American artist, b. Kansas City, Mo. He settled in New York City in 1960 and was allied in his early work with the simple, impersonal forms of minimalism, e.g., an untitled 1965 work consisting of four blocks of gray fiberglass.
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, On Kawara, and members of Britain's Art and Language movement. Many of the works of art of this movement were conceptualized by the artists but executed by craftsmen who worked at the artists' direction. The ideas that fueled the conceptual art movement of the 1960s and 70s continued to influence and animate the work of many artists of the late 20th and early 21st cent. See also contemporary artcontemporary art,
the art of the late 20th cent. and early 21st cent., both an outgrowth and a rejection of modern art. As the force and vigor of abstract expressionism diminished, new artistic movements and styles arose during the 1960s and 70s to challenge and displace
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.

References in periodicals archive ?
In a moment of religious exaltation, the movement's leader, Egidius Cantoris, ran nude through the streets of Brussels in ecstasy, believing himself to be the savior of mankind," he writes, adding that in recent decades, activists from FEMEN and PETA have used their bodies as a form of protest, and alluded to American conceptual artist Barbara Kruger's famous billboard displaying the slogan "Your Body Is a Battleground.
Curated by Germano Celant, it recreates the seminal Bern Kunsthalle exhibition that included work by some of the most important conceptual artists of the 1960s and '70s (Fig.
You have to be a reader before attempting anything else or else your projects will fail," said Mohammad Al Mazroui, a conceptual artist, critic and poet.
There's a lot to like but Marion, a conceptual artist, and Mingus - a jazz-loving radio DJ - are so right-on it's hard to like them.
In January 2012 the Gallery will showcase the work of the iconic conceptual artist Yoko Ono.
CAST: Sam Rumbelow, Asheq Akhtar, Lesley Robinson PLOT: Birmingham-born conceptual artist Gillian Wearing makes her cinema film debut, which began with newspaper ads.
Kim Garrison is a visual art instructor at Orange Coast College and is currently collaborating on "The Sky Wheel Project" with fellow conceptual artist Steve Radosevich.
NOWHERE BOY (15, 97 mins Conceptual artist Sam Taylor-Wood makes her directorial debut with this handsomely-crafted valentine to John Lennon's formative years, based on the memoirs of the assassinated former Beatle's half-sister.
Bay Area conceptual artist David Ireland is widely admired for installations and sculptures made with humble materials that he accumulated over time.
ISTANBUL, Aug 31, 2009 (TUR) -- Michael Craig-Martin, an Irish contemporary conceptual artist and painter, will open an exhibition in Istanbul on September 11.
TORONTO, Canada, April 27 /PRNewswire/ -- A casualty of the 2008 economic crisis, unemployed conceptual artist Brian Rushton Phillips, has used his remaining cash as a medium to comment on the downturn and his own financial uncertainty.
Tim Rollins, teacher and conceptual artist, began working with special education teenagers in the South Bronx in the early 1980s.

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