behavior therapy

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behavior therapy

or

behavior modification,

in psychology, treatment of human behavioral disorders through the reinforcement of acceptable behavior and suppression of undesirable behavior. The technique had its roots in the work of Ivan PavlovPavlov, Ivan Petrovich
, 1849–1936, Russian physiologist and experimental psychologist. He was professor at the military medical academy and director of the physiology department at the Institute for Experimental Medicine, St. Petersburg, from 1890.
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, a Russian physiologist who observed that animals could be taught to respond to stimuli that might otherwise have no effect on them. B. F. SkinnerSkinner, Burrhus Frederic,
1904–90, American psychologist, b. Susquehanna, Pa. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1931, and remained there as an instructor until 1936, when he moved to the Univ. of Minnesota (1937–45) and to Indiana Univ.
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 developed the technique in the United States, using positive or negative reinforcers to encourage desirable behavior and punishments to discourage undesirable behavior. Behavior therapists believe that, in many cases, behaviors can be learned or unlearned through basic conditioning techniques; unlike traditional psychoanalysis, the method has little regard for the unconscious processes underlying personality disorders. Behavior therapy uses such techniques as aversive conditioning, where unwanted habits are paired with unpleasant stimuli, and systematic desensitization, where a stimulus that causes anxiety is paired with a pleasant one.

behavior therapy

[bi′hāv·yər ‚ther·ə·pē]
(psychology)
A mode of therapy that focuses on altering observable and quantifiable behavior of an individual by means of systematic manipulation of environmental and behavioral variables that are thought to be functionally related to the individual's behavior.
References in periodicals archive ?
Play areas for pediatric HSCT recipients and candidates undergoing conditioning therapy should be cleaned and disinfected weekly and as needed [BIII].
Immunizations are needed to prevent transmission of vaccine-preventable diseases to HSCT recipients and candidates undergoing conditioning therapy.
Visitors who have communicable infectious diseases such as upper respiratory infection or flulike illness, recent exposure to communicable diseases, an active shingles rash (whether covered or not), a Varicella zoster-like rash within 6 weeks of receiving a chickenpox vaccine, or a history of receiving an oral polio vaccine within the previous 3 to 6 weeks should not be allowed to enter the HSCT unit or have direct contact with HSCT recipients or candidates undergoing conditioning therapy [AII].
HSCT recipients and candidates undergoing conditioning therapy should maintain good perineal hygiene to minimize loss of skin integrity and risk for infection [BIII].
All HSCT candidates should receive a dental evaluation and relevant treatment before conditioning therapy begins (27) [AIII].
HSCT recipients with mucositis and HSCT candidates undergoing conditioning therapy should maintain good oral hygiene by rinsing the mouth four to six times a day with sterile water, normal saline, or sodium bicarbonate solutions (27) [AIII].
Senior Scientist at Cellerant, the study demonstrated that by providing HSC treatment to therapeutic mouse models of lupus, without fully ablating their bone marrow cells prior to treatment, lupus symptoms were reversed or stabilized and the mice had significantly greater survival than comparison groups who were not transplanted or just received the conditioning therapy alone.