Confrontation

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Confrontation

 

(Russian, konfrontatsiid), opposition, antagonism (between social systems, class interests, ideological-political principles); clash.


Confrontation

 

in criminal legal procedure, the simultaneous interrogation (in the presence of one another) of two previously interrogated persons in whose testimony there are substantial contradictions. A confrontation is carried out to elucidate the reasons for such contradictions and to eliminate the contradictions, as well as to obtain additional information that will help evaluate the correctness of the testimony.

According to Soviet law the accused, suspects, witnesses, and victims (in any combination) may be interrogated in a confrontation situation. Before the confrontation, the persons involved are asked if they know one another and what relation they have to each other. Then it is proposed that they give testimony concerning the circumstances about which contradictions existed in earlier testimony. Each of the persons being interrogated may be asked questions, and they themselves, with the permission of the person conducting the confrontation, may question each other. Testimony given during a confrontation is recorded in the order in which it is given. Each participant in the confrontation signs his own testimony as a whole and each page separately.

References in classic literature ?
It was so fluctuating, and went so quickly from joy to despair, that it seemed necessary to confront it with some stable opinion which naturally became dark as well as stable.
Then, with a red face and embarrassed manner, he rose to confront the others.
Nor could I guess what obstacles might confront me in an effort to rescue her.
He would like to be rid of us, and I half imagine that he rather hopes to find when he returns that we have succumbed to one of the dangers which must always confront us in this savage land.
There was little or no chance that she could survive even a few days of the constant dangers that would confront her there; but the knowledge that she had already passed through so many perils unscathed, and that somewhere out in the faraway world a little child was doubtless at that very moment crying for her, filled her with determination to make the effort to accomplish the seemingly impossible and cross that awful land of horror in search of the sea and the remote chance of succour she might find there.
Let us confront him who calls himself Turan with these his fellows before they die.
I ordered one of the Germans ashore with a line, and sent two of my own men to guard him, for from what little we had seen of Caprona, or Caspak as we learned later to call the interior, we realized that any instant some new and terrible danger might confront us.
Then came the recruits, new-caught, young, savage things, timid as deer, yet yielding to stern parental and tribal law and going down into the Arangi's cabin, one by one, their fathers and mothers and relatives accompanying them in family groups, to confront the big fella white marster, who wrote their names down in a mysterious book, had them ratify the three years' contract of their labour by a touch of the right hand to the pen with which he wrote, and who paid the first year's advance in trade goods to the heads of their respective families.
And so he dragged himself to the ENQUIRER alley, sick in body and soul, but learning the long patience, to confront his eternal enemy, Cheese-Face, who was just as sick as he, and just a bit willing to quit if it were not for the gang of newsboys that looked on and made pride painful and necessary.
How did I know what new calamity might not confront me when the door was opened?
There are malevolent forces," said the Opossum, "which the wise will neither confront nor avoid.
had to find the money, or to confront the one other alternative-- ruin.