Confrontation

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Confrontation

 

(Russian, konfrontatsiid), opposition, antagonism (between social systems, class interests, ideological-political principles); clash.


Confrontation

 

in criminal legal procedure, the simultaneous interrogation (in the presence of one another) of two previously interrogated persons in whose testimony there are substantial contradictions. A confrontation is carried out to elucidate the reasons for such contradictions and to eliminate the contradictions, as well as to obtain additional information that will help evaluate the correctness of the testimony.

According to Soviet law the accused, suspects, witnesses, and victims (in any combination) may be interrogated in a confrontation situation. Before the confrontation, the persons involved are asked if they know one another and what relation they have to each other. Then it is proposed that they give testimony concerning the circumstances about which contradictions existed in earlier testimony. Each of the persons being interrogated may be asked questions, and they themselves, with the permission of the person conducting the confrontation, may question each other. Testimony given during a confrontation is recorded in the order in which it is given. Each participant in the confrontation signs his own testimony as a whole and each page separately.