congenital heart disease

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congenital heart disease,

any defect in the heartheart,
muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. The rhythmic beating of the heart is a ceaseless activity, lasting from before birth to the end of life. Anatomy and Function

The human heart is a pear-shaped structure about the size of a fist.
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 present at birth. There is evidence that some congenital heart defects are inherited, but the cause of most cases is unknown. One known cause is infection of the mother with the rubellarubella
or German measles,
acute infectious disease of children and young adults. It is caused by a filterable virus that is spread by droplet spray from the respiratory tract of an infected individual.
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 (German measles) virus during the first trimester of pregnancy. Among the most common congenital heart disorders are malformations in the valves and the persistence of structures that are normally closed off at birth, i.e., the ductus arteriosis (the fetal blood vessel that shunts blood from the pulmonary vein to the aorta, bypassing the heart) and the foramen ovale (the opening between the left and right atria of the fetal heart). If the malformation is severe, it will produce various symptoms of insufficient heart function, such as cyanosis (a bluish tinge to the skin), dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), fatigue, and abnormal heartbeat; valvular deformities predispose the patient to bacterial infection of the endocardium (see endocarditisendocarditis
, bacterial or fungal infection of the endocardium (inner lining of the heart) that can be either acute or subacute. In the acute form the symptoms (fever, malaise, fatigue, weight loss, anemia) are directly related to the presence of an active infection that runs
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). Less severe malformations may not produce noticeable symptoms until later in life, and some may not require any medical attention. Many congenital heart defects that are debilitating can be corrected surgically. Other congenital anomalies, such as Down syndromeDown syndrome,
congenital disorder characterized by mild to severe mental retardation, slow physical development, and characteristic physical features. Down syndrome affects about 1 in every 730 live births and occurs in all populations equally.
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, are present in about 20% of cases of congenital heart disease. See also heart diseaseheart disease,
any of several abnormalities of the heart and its function in maintaining blood circulation. Heart disease is the cause of approximately half the deaths in the United States each year.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The Nabadat initiative, which means heartbeats in Arabic, aims to provide free medical assistance, surgery and post-surgical care to children whose parents cannot afford to pay for the treatment of congenital heart diseases.
The two child cardiology medical centres in the public and private sectors should be in agreement and co-ordinate to maintain the high standard and further develop child cardiology in Cyprus for the good of the children, adolescents, and adults with congenital heart disease," he said.
We found that in women who don't already have diabetes or develop diabetes during pregnancy, we can still measure risk for having a child with congenital heart disease by looking at their glucose values during the first trimester of pregnancy," Priest added.
Researchers have suggested that a congenital heart disease research network should be established.
Dr Gerard Martin, paediatric cardiology consultant at Washington DC-based Children's National Medical Centre (CNMC), said congenital heart disease is the most common birth defect and it occurred in approximately one out of every 100 live births.
Universal Pulse Oximetry Screening for early detection of Critical Congenital Heart Disease.
Material and Methods: This prospective study measured the serum albumin concentration of 153 children admitted to Peads intensive care unit after congenital heart disease surgery.
Health Ministers Michelle O'Neill MLA and her southern counterpart Simon Harris TD today committed to a 42million investment in the all-island Congenital Heart Disease Service.
born neonates for critical congenital heart disease that started in 2011 has had an apparent effect on infant mortality.
Based on the Mayo Clinic Pediatric Cardiology Review course, this review text contains about 900 questions and answers, in addition to explanations, related to the diagnosis and treatment of fetus, infant, child, and adult patients with congenital heart disease.
Upon further investigation, it was found that he had a pre-existing congenital heart disease complicated by pneumonia, Dr.

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