Torticollis

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Related to congenital muscular torticollis: plagiocephaly

torticollis

[‚tȯrd·ə′käl·əs]
(medicine)
A deformity of the neck resulting from contraction of the cervical muscles or fascia. Also known as wryneck.

Torticollis

 

or wryneck, a deformity of the neck caused by a unilateral tension of the muscles and soft tissues of the neck, or by distortion of the neck region of the spine; it is accompanied by improper position of the head. Congenital torticollis is a result of improper intrauterine development or birth trauma; acquired torticollis appears after injury or burns or as a result of inflammation of the muscles or lymph glands of the neck.

The head is inclined to the side of the affected muscle, the occiput approaches the shoulder on that side, and the chin is turned and raised toward the opposite side. Head movements, especially lateral ones, are substantially limited. If there has been no timely treatment, such secondary deformities as asymmetry of the face and skull and deformation of the spine are added to the basic deformity. Torticollis is treated by an orthopedic physician.

REFERENCES

Zatsepin, S. T. Ortopediia detskogo i podrostkovogo vozrasta, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1956.
Zatsepin, S. T. Vrozhdennaia myshechnaia krivosheia. Moscow, 1960. (Bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical determinants of the outcome of manual stretching in the treatment of congenital muscular torticollis in infants.
Correlation of ultrasonographic imaging of congenital muscular torticollis with clinical assessment in infants.
Botulinum toxin injection for congenital muscular torticollis presenting in children and adults.
Cheng JCY, Tang SP, Chen TMK, Wong MWN and Wong EMC (2000): The clinical presentation and outcomes of treatment of congenital muscular torticollis in infants: A study of 1,086 cases.
Corradi-Scalise D, Sparrow AR and Amoroso L (2006): Congenital muscular torticollis.
The clinical presentation and outcome of treatment of congenital muscular torticollis in infants-a study of 1,086 cases.
The use of splinting in conservative and postoperative treatment of congenital muscular torticollis.

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