consonance


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Related to consonance: assonance

consonance

, consonancy
1. Prosody similarity between consonants, but not between vowels, as between the s and t sounds in sweet silent thought
2. Music
a. an aesthetically pleasing sensation or perception associated with the interval of the octave, the perfect fourth and fifth, the major and minor third and sixth, and chords based on these intervals
b. an interval or chord producing this sensation

Consonance

 

the blending of tones sounded simultaneously, as well as the harmonies in which the tones blend with one another. Consonance as a concept is juxtaposed to dissonance.

Consonance is a tranquil, soft sound that has an agreeable effect on the perceiving nerve centers; it is considered to be the expression of stability, repose, and the resolution of tensions. The unison, octave, fifth, fourth, and major and minor thirds and sixths are consonant (the perfect fourth in relation to the lower tone is treated as a dissonant interval), as well as chords composed of these intervals alone, without the inclusion of dissonant intervals—that is, major and minor triads and their inversions.

From the mathematical-acoustical point of view the difference between consonance and dissonance is only quantitative (the ratio of the frequencies of dissonant intervals form more complicated fractions), and the line of demarcation between them is arbitrary. Within the limits of the major-minor system the difference between consonance and dissonance is qualitative; it achieves a level of sharp opposition and contrast and possesses independent aesthetic value.

REFERENCES

Helmholtz, H. Uchenie o slukhovykh oshchushcheniiakh kak fiziologicheskaia osnova dlia teorii muzyki. St. Petersburg, 1875. (Translated from German.)
Chevalier, L. Istoriia uchenii o garmonii. Moscow, 1931. (Translated from French.)
Kleshchov, S. V. “K voprosu o razlichii dissoniruiushchikh i konsoniruiushchikh sozvuchii.” Trudy fiziologicheskikh laboratorii im. akad. I. P. Pavlova, vol. 10. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941.
Tchaikovsky, P. I. “Rukovodstvo k prakticheskomu izucheniiu garmonii.” Sobr. soch., vol. IIIa. Moscow, 1957.
Medushevskii, V. V. “Konsonans i dissonans kak elementy muzykal’noi znakovoi sistemy.” In VI Vsesoiuznaia akusticheskaia konferentsiia. Moscow, 1968. Section K.
Stumpf, K. Konsonanz und Dissonanz. Leipzig, 1898. (Beiträge zur Akustik und Musikwissenschaft, issue 1).

IU. N. KHOLOPOV

consonance

[′kän·sə·nəns]
(acoustics)
The interval between two tones whose frequencies are in a ratio approximately equal to the quotient of two whole numbers, each equal to or less than 6, or to such a quotient multiplied or divided by some power of 2.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, Wardhaugh argues that because the coincidence theory provided no clear demarcation between consonance and dissonance there was no longer any upper limit on the number of consonances available.
Sometimes it would actively seek out information and situations to gain consonance such as visiting the college to see that your child has settled in comfortably.
According to the recently-released annual economic report of the Malaysian government, "the price of natural rubber is expected to remain strong in consonance with the higher price of synthetic rubber following rising world crude oil prices and increasing demand for natural rubber in China and Germany, particularly in the tire industry.
In short, while not always in consonance with the church's rules and rigidity, NCR has constantly been faithful to the teachings of Jesus.
To achieve this goal, the Assistant Deputy Under Secretary (Logistics Systems Management) will determine the requirements needed to integrate the RFID data into the DoD data environment in consonance with the Business Enterprise Architecture.
In consonance with the national culture, their key developmental concept was business, a field that many black leaders and white well-wishers emphasized as a major potential avenue of upward mobility for the African American community.
Thus, in his first chapter on "La Mousike et ses effets," rejecting any Neoplatonic reading of Sceve which "mettrait l'accent sur la consonance, l'accord ultime des contradictions de l'etre comme de l'ceuvre," Helge son prefers to "proceder autrement: c'est l'ideologie de la formation, voire la violence faite a l'alterite afin soit de la contenir, soit de la 'repurger'--violence au sein de l'etre comme de l'ceuvre" that defines Sceve's understanding of poetico-musical harmony.
This gives the violinist the anchor of consonance within his or her part while still expanding the aural lexicon.
Other available lexica concur; those that display Bloom's double whammy are in consonance with the meaning shown in Random House Webster's College Dict.
When Poppy Marsh's children insist on reuniting the family to celebrate her 80th birthday, her modest home in southern England becomes a setting for both tensions and a growing consonance among the members.
An order of consonance was assigned on the musical intervals, which was shown mathematically sound and consistent with previous studies.
Medieval syntax and the significance of scribal punctuation are handled with marked precision, while Shakespeare and his contemporaries (as well as his successors) receive a stylistic and linguistic analysis which abundantly proves Robinson's thesis on the necessary consonance of language, meaning, and interpretation.