Consortium

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consortium

1. an association of financiers, companies, etc., esp one formed for a particular purpose
2. Law the right of husband or wife to the company, assistance, and affection of the other

Consortium

 

in biogeocenology, an association of populations of organisms whose vital activity revolves around the central species of a phytocoenosis, an autotrophic plant.

An edificator, the main species that determines the characteristics of the phytocoenosis, usually acts as the central species of the consortium. Other species, including heterotrophic organisms (parasites, saprophytes), are sometimes associated with the central species in a one-sided manner—through consumption or in providing shade. This nucleus of a consortium is the source of existence for the second, third, and subsequent circles that are made up of organisms that destroy the organic matter created by the central and other autotrophic species that use the energy they contain. The term “consortium” has been applied in the 1970’s to the symbiosis of certain plants (for example, the alga and fungus that make up a lichen).


Consortium

 

a temporary agreement between several capitalist banks and/or industrial companies to extract monopolistic profits through the joint investment of a loan or the realization of a common large-scale industrial project.

One of the forms of fusing of bank and industrial capital, the consortium has developed particularly since World War II. The participants of the consortium can include both private and government organizations. In the 1960’s consortiums of a new type, with entire countries as members, came into existence. Under the conditions of the scientific and technological revolution, corsortiums have arisen in new sectors and at the junctions of different sectors. In such cases, besides the fusion of capital, joint scientific research is also envisaged. When a consortium is founded, the companies participating in it fully preserve their independence, but in the particular field of activity of the consortium they are subordinated to a jointly elected management. A characteristic feature of a consortium is the inequality of the relationship among the participants.

IU. B. KOCHEVRIN

References in periodicals archive ?
At the same time it will develop collections of "peripheral" material in selected areas that respond to local priorities but also serve consortial needs.
The second phase of the consortial benchmarking project ended with the development of a structured questionnaire reflecting the above criteria and designed to elicit from participating firms information about how they identified innovative suppliers that could participate in joint development projects.
Four rather different areas of library service agendas can illustrate how creative use of these two new developments can improve the cost-benefit ratio of library expenditures: sharing printed books, storing print materials, providing access to the journal literature electronically, and providing access to electronic versions of library special collections, faculty publications, or university projects through a consortial institutional repository.
For public libraries the goals of providing relevant online services, including innovative delivery services and consortial purchasing to increase the range of resources, were particularly relevant to the project.
Decisions must be made concerning copyright protection, which vendor and reading device best meet their needs, whether to purchase through a consortial agreement, which circulation policies will apply, and whether these materials will be retrievable through the online catalog.
The consortial relationship between these two distant regions predated the return of Charles V to Spain since, according to Maravall, it could be traced to the late Middle Ages.
Auto-Graphics' Library Management Platform[TM] - currently used by more than 5,500 libraries in North America - is comprised of VERSO[R] an integrated library system; SHAREit[TM] an interlibrary loan and consortial borrowing solution; and SEARCHit[TM] a federated search module.
Contract award: procurement of a library network system with local, central and consortial functionality.
Auto-Graphics' browser based Library Management Platform for patrons and staff -- currently used by more than 11,000 libraries in North America -- is comprised of VERSO our integrated library system; SHAREit(TM) our resource sharing product providing patron-initiated sharing, circulation-based interlibrary loan (using NCIP) and consortial borrowing solutions; and SEARCHit(TM) the company's federated search and discovery module.
Developing consortial networks is one, and having a clearly defined core mission is almost universally crucial.