Consortium

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consortium

1. an association of financiers, companies, etc., esp one formed for a particular purpose
2. Law the right of husband or wife to the company, assistance, and affection of the other

Consortium

 

in biogeocenology, an association of populations of organisms whose vital activity revolves around the central species of a phytocoenosis, an autotrophic plant.

An edificator, the main species that determines the characteristics of the phytocoenosis, usually acts as the central species of the consortium. Other species, including heterotrophic organisms (parasites, saprophytes), are sometimes associated with the central species in a one-sided manner—through consumption or in providing shade. This nucleus of a consortium is the source of existence for the second, third, and subsequent circles that are made up of organisms that destroy the organic matter created by the central and other autotrophic species that use the energy they contain. The term “consortium” has been applied in the 1970’s to the symbiosis of certain plants (for example, the alga and fungus that make up a lichen).


Consortium

 

a temporary agreement between several capitalist banks and/or industrial companies to extract monopolistic profits through the joint investment of a loan or the realization of a common large-scale industrial project.

One of the forms of fusing of bank and industrial capital, the consortium has developed particularly since World War II. The participants of the consortium can include both private and government organizations. In the 1960’s consortiums of a new type, with entire countries as members, came into existence. Under the conditions of the scientific and technological revolution, corsortiums have arisen in new sectors and at the junctions of different sectors. In such cases, besides the fusion of capital, joint scientific research is also envisaged. When a consortium is founded, the companies participating in it fully preserve their independence, but in the particular field of activity of the consortium they are subordinated to a jointly elected management. A characteristic feature of a consortium is the inequality of the relationship among the participants.

IU. B. KOCHEVRIN

References in periodicals archive ?
A statistics portal that provided a thorough overview of usage and content access at both the consortial and individual library level.
new corporate ownership of the publishing entity, new consortial combinations among the reader community.
Camille Maz, Manager of the UPSaclay Discovery Tool Project, explained, Primo is perfectly suited to our consortial environment, because it provides us with the features and functionality we need to meet the diverse requirements of each library.
Many consortial librarians are discussing and working on shared ebook platforms.
The consortium will also take part in the SearchOhio web-based service, which uses Innovative's INN-Reach direct consortial borrowing solution and integrates statewide library content in a single portal for the communities served.
They discuss the many considerations involved in selecting material and in the acquisitions process, and provide information on licensing and on consortial purchasing.
Among others, they are price, consortial discounts, search engines, accessibility, content, current usefulness, and lasting benefit.
providing library automation solutions for over 40 years, today announced that the Tennessee State Library and Archives (TSLA) has selected the AGent VERSO[R] Consortial Edition to provide a statewide integrated library system (ILS) to 100 libraries throughout Tennessee.
Appropriate library consortial entities including Maryland Digital Library (MDL), Maryland Library Consortium (MLC), MICUA Libraries, MCCLC, and the University System of Maryland and Affiliated Institutions (USMAI) will communicate relevant details, renewal and other deadlines, and other details to Customers within their respective memberships, and reasonably assist the Contractor with additional communications.
Valerie Horton, Director of Minitex, and Greg Pronevitz, Executive Director of the Massachusetts Library System, have tapped their own wealth of experience and expertise in consortial leadership in assembling this volume, as well as the experiences of consortia leaders across the United States.
We are also working with a consortium of academic law libraries on possible consortial access for ebooks.
sales of published and distributed electronic, print, and microform products to academic, public, government, and medical school libraries as well as consortial groups.