consular service

consular service,

organized body of public officers maintained by a government in the important ports and trade centers of foreign countries to protect the persons and interests of its nationals and to aid them in every possible way. Consuls are officially recognized by a foreign state through the issuance of an authorization known as an exequatur, which may be revoked by the admitting state at any time. The many duties of U.S. consuls in foreign states include promoting and protecting American commercial interests; issuing passports and verifying citizenship; certifying the sanitary conditions of the cargo, crew, and passengers of vessels leaving for U.S. ports; and mediating with local officials in cases of legal matters involving American citizens. The consular service was once strictly distinguished from the diplomatic servicediplomatic service,
organized body of agents maintained by governments to communicate with one another. Origins

Until the 15th cent. any formal communication or negotiation among nations was conducted either by means of ambassadors specially appointed for a
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, but because of the interrelated duties of the two branches, the Rogers Act of 1924 consolidated both into the Foreign Service of the Department of State. The Department of Commerce and the Department of the Treasury may place commercial attachés at a consulate office to aid in gathering statistics and promoting trade. The persons of consuls enjoy immunity and extraterritorialityextraterritoriality
or exterritoriality,
privilege of immunity from local law enforcement enjoyed by certain aliens. Although physically present upon the territory of a foreign nation, those aliens possessing extraterritoriality are considered by customary
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 in all matters pertaining to their official functions, and the premises of consulates are likewise privileged. Such privileges are granted either by courtesy or through special consular treaties.
References in classic literature ?
They were all guilty, from young Ardmore, a pink cherub of nineteen outward bound for some clerkship in the Consular Service, to old Captain Bentley, grizzled and sea-worn, and as emotional, to look at, as a Chinese joss.
Shortly afterwards, he went into the Consular Service.
Consular service is not limited to the issuance of passports and visas but also includes authentication service.
The delegation of Kyrgyzstan was led by Consular Service Department Director Arslanbek Umetaliyev.
The new facility is the result of a multi-year, 10 million dollar expansion that would permit the embassy to provide faster and better consular service to the Indian community, particularly catering to northern India.
Establishment of consular service in Khujand requires an urgent solution, MP Kanybek Imanaliyev (Ar Namys) said at the meeting of the parliamentary committee on international affairs on September 29.
A spokesman for Foreign Affairs Minister Lawrence Cannon said Canada's consular service is already "world class," responding to more than 500 queries a day.
The new facility is the result of a multi-year, 10 million dollar expansion that will permit the embassy to provide faster and better consular service to the Indian community.
Alison Hardy, vice- consul at the British Embassy and Ali Raza Jafri the Head of International Roaming Team at Nawras have led the effort to turn this extra consular service into a reality.
Consular Service Standards may be developed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in consultations with Pakistanis abroad.
Citizens of Kyrgyzstan address intermediator firms in order to legalize in foreign countries; the documents appear to be counterfeited in most cases, director ad interim of the Department of Consular Service at Kyrgyz Ministry of Foreign Affairs Erkin Asangulov said on April 22.
In five short years, she became the dominant force in reshaping the bureau into the most dynamic and professional consular service in the world.