18) Michele Micheletti, Political Virtue and Shopping: Individuals, Consumerism
and Collective Action (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), 87.
With the three ideal types established, Bauman concludes with the final and most politically charged chapter in Consuming Life: "the collateral casualties of consumerism
Although many commentators focus on consumerism
as a 20th-century phenomenon, various historical studies have argued that the roots of consumerism
can be seen in colonial America and that consumerism
's origins can be traced back to 17th-century England and Holland.
What marks consumerism
as something new is its tendency to reduce everything, both the material and the spiritual, to a commodity able to be exchanged.
But as consumerism
grows more sophisticated, it's hard for art to keep pace.
For instance, rating faculty is seen as a consumerism
approach in Hong Kong and because of students' cultural background, the paternalistic image and therefore respect shown for teachers, they pay more attention to their evaluations.
But other critics of contemporary consumerism
are less attuned to irony.
This problem is beginning to argue for itself, and we shall hear more of it as consumerism
In spite of the depredations of consumerism
, sexual abuse scandals, civil war, and weakening moral authority, the Irish Church still has the highest number of Mass-goers in Western Europe.
This rise in consumerism
could drive collateral benefits of greater transparency and access to information on medical costs and clinical outcomes.
The invented words are not hard to understand, though, and the flashes of humor as well as the cleverly imagined grim future world should quickly draw readers into this look at teenage love and loss, and at consumerism
carried to its logical extreme.
in World History: The Global Transformation of Desire.