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a. a large cargo-carrying standard-sized container that can be loaded from one mode of transport to another
b. (as modifier): a container port



a standard enclosure serving for the unpackaged transfer of goods by various means of transport. The container is a removable component (body) of transportation vehicles (trucks, railroad cars, ships, airplanes), adapted for mechanized loading, unloading, and reloading from one type of transportation to another. The dimensions and capacity of the container correspond to the carrying capacity and dimensions of the transport vehicles.

The first containers in the world were used in Russia in 1889. Containers are widely used in the USSR and abroad, because they permit the creation of a system of handling cargoes by various types of transport.

Containers are classified according to their use into universal, specialized, and special types. Universal containers can be used for carrying any cargoes in various packaging; specialized containers are for piece cargoes, bulk cargoes, and liquids (for example, building materials, chemical substances, and foodstuffs); special containers are used only for certain cargoes transported under special conditions (for example, in space or under water). Containers come with a capacity (payload) of 1.25, 2.5, 5,10,20, and 30 tons. The 5-ton containers are very widely utilized, as they correspond most closely to the carrying capacity of the basic cargo-lifting machines and transportation vehicles and are economical and convenient to use. The creation of containers with special clamps, or spreaders, is being considered. The basic requirements of all containers are that they protect the cargoes and fully use the carrying capacity of the transport vehicles.


Kontreilery i krupnotonnazhnye konteinery. Moscow, 1962.
Deribas, A. T., and L. A. Kogan. “Konteinernye perevozki.” In Vzaimodeistvie raznykh vidov transporta i konteinernye perevozki. Moscow, 1971.


(industrial engineering)
A portable compartment of standard, uniform size, used to hold cargo for air, sea, or ground transport.


(1) Any data structure that holds one or more different types of data. See metafile and OLE.

(2) A server virtualization architecture that enables multiple applications and services to run in their own isolated partitions. See OS virtualization.

(3) A multimedia file format that contains digital audio and video data streams that have been compressed with different algorithms (codecs). The container may also hold images, subtitles and other meta-data. See codec, metadata, Matroska, MPEG, AVI and QuickTime.

(4) Software that acts as a parent program to hold and execute a set of commands or to run other software routines.
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Despite the increasing demand for cullet from the container and insulation industries, usable cullet is becoming scarcer, as curbside recycling programs are under increasing pressure from municipal budget constraints.
However, it is generally not desirable to pinch below the handle on the container sidewall.
Sea-going container facilities have been built in Saskatchewan, including the opening of Moose Jaw's MCS Agri-Terminals in 2003.
The Podocarpus family has a botanical kinship with that group of classic container plants known as cycads.
However, containers held past their "free time" begin racking up detention fees of $9 to $85 per container per day.
Customs and Border Protection's largest and most powerful scanning inspection unit, the "Eagle" Mobile Sea Container X-Ray System, tan penetrate more than a foot of steel.
The container is so easy to rig that no training for soldiers is required.
To prevent water seeping into a container, make sure all its gaskets, seals and bolts are in place.
The battle for container cargo is part of a bigger competition to build the most efficient South Florida intermodal system for the transfer of cargo between ships, trucks, trains, warehouses and airplanes.
Available in two sizes, each with a flat top and side-entry door, the Slim: Jims can be placed tinder desks and tables, between, pieces of office equipment, and in smaller rooms where bigger storage containers will not fit.
The goal here is to push for simpler, more forgiving container types.
And lastly, with regard to the above-mentioned restructuring of the Oji Group's corrugated container business, a total investment of JPY 20 billion ($US 163 million) will be required, with the restructuring expected to result in an annual profit improvement of JPY 5 billion.