Contingents had significantly higher scores on two of the job characteristics (Task Identity and Feedback From Job) and significantly higher MPS scores.
The study found that the contingents had significantly higher motivation potential scores (indicating the ability of a given job to provide internal work motivation).
Furthermore, the study found that the contingents scored significantly higher in two job characteristics: Task Identity (the extent to which a job requires completion of a whole and identifiable piece of work; that is, doing a task from beginning to end with a visible outcome) and Feedback From Job (the degree to which carrying out a job provides a worker with direct and clear information about the effectiveness of his or her performance).
In the non-job characteristics JDS categories, the contingents had a significantly higher score on the Critical Psychological State Knowledge of Results.
In the Individual Growth Need Strength category of the JDS, the contingents had higher scores in Combined Growth Need Strength, suggesting that the contingents are likely to respond more favorably to jobs that rank high on job core dimensions than the core workers.
Furthermore, even though other differences in job characteristics, experienced psychological states, affective outcomes, and context satisfactions between contingent and core workers were not significant, the contingents tended to score higher than the core workers.
SINCE THE PART OF THE CONTINGENT work force that's big isn't growing and the part that's growing isn't big, this means proponents of the myth must engage in a gutsy sleight of hand.
Reich told Time that nobody's job is safe in the face of a fast-growing contingent work force.
Top academic journals, unlike labor unions and their champions in the media, have yet to "discover" contingent workers.
Ironically, when the contingent work force concept was first trotted out in the late 1980s, it hit a wall erected by a slowing economy.
When collective bargaining efforts fail, he adds, unions will fight in the courts and in Congress for rulings and legislation to reduce the cost advantage of hiring contingent workers.
Richard Delaney of the AFL-CIO testified that a rapidly growing contingent work force "promises to fuel a continuing spiral of economic decline.