conurbation


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Related to conurbation: megalopolis, urban sprawl

conurbation

a large densely populated urban sprawl formed by the growth and coalescence of individual towns or cities

conurbation

a continuous urban area resulting from the fusion of previously independent towns. The term was introduced by Patrick Geddes in Cities in Evolution (1915). Related terms are urban agglomeration and METROPOLITAN AREA.

Conurbation

 

(called agglomeration of settled points in Russian), a cluster of populated areas, mostly urban, but also rural, which are growing closer and blending in places and are united by intensive economic, labor, and cultural ties.

Communality of the populace’s everyday life is typical of the conurbation; it is manifested in part in “pendulum-like” transportation to work within its limits. Conurbation is the most developed and complex form of the group distribution of populated areas; conurbations are primarily located around the larger cities, which then become the nuclei of the conurbations, but multicentered conurbations also arise in heavily populated industrial areas—for instance, in coal basins.

Conurbations in developed countries are concentrations of a considerable portion of the population. Forty-two percent of the urban population of the USA was living in 16 conurbations as of 1962; in the USSR up to 40 percent of the urban population was living in 40 conurbations in 1959. The Moscow conurbation includes over 130 populated areas with 8 million inhabitants. The growth of conurbations reflects the territorial concentration of industry and labor resources. In the capitalist countries spontaneous growth of conurbations, sometimes to enormous dimensions, is typical. In the USSR and other socialist countries the formation of conurbations is subjected to regulation by regional planning.

REFERENCES

Dubrovin, P. I. “Aglomeratsiia gorodov (Genezis, ekonomika, morfologiia).” In Voprosy geografii, collection 45. Moscow, 1959.
Davidovich, V. G., and G. M. Lappo. “Voprosy razvitiia gorod-skikh aglomeratsii v SSSR.” In the collection Sovremennye prob-lemy geografii. Moscow, 1964.
Davidovich, V. G. “O vzaimosviazannom rasselenii v gorodskikh aglomeratsiakh.” In the collection Gradostroitel’ stvo i raionnaia planirovka. Kiev, 1967.
Bogorad, D. I. “Zadachi izucheniia i regulirovaniia rosta gorodskikh aglomeratsii.” In Nauchnye problemy geografii naseleniia. Moscow, 1967.

S. A. KOVALEV


Conurbation

 

a group of contiguous and closely inter-related independent cities that form a unity because of the intensive economic, cultural, and domestic relations between them and the large-scale service facilities they share (transport, water supply). Conurbations are considered one of the elements or types of population agglomeration.

References in periodicals archive ?
The IPS-based estimates available for Merseyside do little more than indicate that this particular conurbation is little affected by these exchanges.
The figures come as council leader Coun John Shipley said Government ministers have made it clear they want major conurbations like Tyneside to lead the way in congestion charging which could be in place by 2012.
Added to this is the fact that such a company provides much-needed employment away from Wales' urban conurbations.
The idea of creating conurbation mayors, that is certainly is part of my recommendations
He has also worked with partners to shape the arrangements within the conurbation for dealing with terrorist incidents and other major emergencies.
It would not just be a city centre congestion charge, it would be road pricing for the entire conurbation and it would have to be done in all the UK conurbations at the same time accompanied by major investment in public transport and sorting out road bottlenecks.
Instead we have smallminded,petty politicians whose main concern is to maintain their own little bit of empire, which they tenaciously fight to make sure nothing endangers it,even if that is to the detriment of the city and conurbation as a whole.
Five German architectural practices were invited to take part in a limited competition for a site on the edge of Ettlingen, a small town just south of the main regional conurbation of Karlsruhe.
Mr Massey said: "We live in a very large conurbation, but it is in fact only 350 miles square and we have found that journey times tend to be short.
Sasol and Tractebel have already drafted pre-feasibility reports on several projects concerning notably the combined production of electricity and steam at Sasol Chemical Industries' Sasolburg facility, and co-generation in the south Durban conurbation.
Every hotel room in the Brussels conurbation is full for the week and every flight to Brussels booked.