conurbation


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Related to conurbation: megalopolis, urban sprawl

conurbation

a large densely populated urban sprawl formed by the growth and coalescence of individual towns or cities

conurbation

a continuous urban area resulting from the fusion of previously independent towns. The term was introduced by Patrick Geddes in Cities in Evolution (1915). Related terms are urban agglomeration and METROPOLITAN AREA.

Conurbation

 

(called agglomeration of settled points in Russian), a cluster of populated areas, mostly urban, but also rural, which are growing closer and blending in places and are united by intensive economic, labor, and cultural ties.

Communality of the populace’s everyday life is typical of the conurbation; it is manifested in part in “pendulum-like” transportation to work within its limits. Conurbation is the most developed and complex form of the group distribution of populated areas; conurbations are primarily located around the larger cities, which then become the nuclei of the conurbations, but multicentered conurbations also arise in heavily populated industrial areas—for instance, in coal basins.

Conurbations in developed countries are concentrations of a considerable portion of the population. Forty-two percent of the urban population of the USA was living in 16 conurbations as of 1962; in the USSR up to 40 percent of the urban population was living in 40 conurbations in 1959. The Moscow conurbation includes over 130 populated areas with 8 million inhabitants. The growth of conurbations reflects the territorial concentration of industry and labor resources. In the capitalist countries spontaneous growth of conurbations, sometimes to enormous dimensions, is typical. In the USSR and other socialist countries the formation of conurbations is subjected to regulation by regional planning.

REFERENCES

Dubrovin, P. I. “Aglomeratsiia gorodov (Genezis, ekonomika, morfologiia).” In Voprosy geografii, collection 45. Moscow, 1959.
Davidovich, V. G., and G. M. Lappo. “Voprosy razvitiia gorod-skikh aglomeratsii v SSSR.” In the collection Sovremennye prob-lemy geografii. Moscow, 1964.
Davidovich, V. G. “O vzaimosviazannom rasselenii v gorodskikh aglomeratsiakh.” In the collection Gradostroitel’ stvo i raionnaia planirovka. Kiev, 1967.
Bogorad, D. I. “Zadachi izucheniia i regulirovaniia rosta gorodskikh aglomeratsii.” In Nauchnye problemy geografii naseleniia. Moscow, 1967.

S. A. KOVALEV


Conurbation

 

a group of contiguous and closely inter-related independent cities that form a unity because of the intensive economic, cultural, and domestic relations between them and the large-scale service facilities they share (transport, water supply). Conurbations are considered one of the elements or types of population agglomeration.

References in periodicals archive ?
The IPS-based estimates available for Merseyside do little more than indicate that this particular conurbation is little affected by these exchanges.
Scuttling gangs were neighbourhood-based youth gangs which were formed in working-class districts across the Manchester conurbation, from the independent county borough of Salford to the west of the city to the townships of Bradford, Gorton and Openshaw to the east.
That is bigger but otherwise not dissimilar to Northumbria, which covers the conurbation of Tyne and Wear and the wide open spaces of Northumberland.
The Sunday Mercury understands that the council leaders agreed to introduce a PS30-a-year charge if OAPs want 'free' train and tram travel to continue within the conurbation.
While we, in this great sprawling metropolis mess, bicker over stupid and meaningless boundaries of authority, certain conurbations up North get on with their collective spirit of thinking and put aside immature differences.
AMID all the economic gloom, you reported splendid news recently that the Teesside conurbation is to receive pounds 62m to improve bus travel.
But average rises on most routes, including those in the West Midlands conurbation, are expected to be no higher than one per cent above inflation, the DfT said.
It is a key component of the Urban Transport Plan of the Nice conurbation and aims to increase the use of public transport in order to reduce the impact of cars in the city and improve the environment and the quality of life in urban areas.
Barely 25 years old, Vasconi's building is the last remaining fragment of the huge Renault manufacturing plant at Boulogne-Billancourt, on the south-west edge of the Paris conurbation, before it was gradually decentralised.
Had just a small percentage of them come to fruition we would now be the largest and richest conurbation in the country,if not the world.
Contract notice: existing tramway system (infrastructure and rolling stock) of the bordeaux conurbation - project management