conurbation


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to conurbation: megalopolis, urban sprawl

conurbation

a large densely populated urban sprawl formed by the growth and coalescence of individual towns or cities

conurbation

a continuous urban area resulting from the fusion of previously independent towns. The term was introduced by Patrick Geddes in Cities in Evolution (1915). Related terms are urban agglomeration and METROPOLITAN AREA.

Conurbation

 

(called agglomeration of settled points in Russian), a cluster of populated areas, mostly urban, but also rural, which are growing closer and blending in places and are united by intensive economic, labor, and cultural ties.

Communality of the populace’s everyday life is typical of the conurbation; it is manifested in part in “pendulum-like” transportation to work within its limits. Conurbation is the most developed and complex form of the group distribution of populated areas; conurbations are primarily located around the larger cities, which then become the nuclei of the conurbations, but multicentered conurbations also arise in heavily populated industrial areas—for instance, in coal basins.

Conurbations in developed countries are concentrations of a considerable portion of the population. Forty-two percent of the urban population of the USA was living in 16 conurbations as of 1962; in the USSR up to 40 percent of the urban population was living in 40 conurbations in 1959. The Moscow conurbation includes over 130 populated areas with 8 million inhabitants. The growth of conurbations reflects the territorial concentration of industry and labor resources. In the capitalist countries spontaneous growth of conurbations, sometimes to enormous dimensions, is typical. In the USSR and other socialist countries the formation of conurbations is subjected to regulation by regional planning.

REFERENCES

Dubrovin, P. I. “Aglomeratsiia gorodov (Genezis, ekonomika, morfologiia).” In Voprosy geografii, collection 45. Moscow, 1959.
Davidovich, V. G., and G. M. Lappo. “Voprosy razvitiia gorod-skikh aglomeratsii v SSSR.” In the collection Sovremennye prob-lemy geografii. Moscow, 1964.
Davidovich, V. G. “O vzaimosviazannom rasselenii v gorodskikh aglomeratsiakh.” In the collection Gradostroitel’ stvo i raionnaia planirovka. Kiev, 1967.
Bogorad, D. I. “Zadachi izucheniia i regulirovaniia rosta gorodskikh aglomeratsii.” In Nauchnye problemy geografii naseleniia. Moscow, 1967.

S. A. KOVALEV


Conurbation

 

a group of contiguous and closely inter-related independent cities that form a unity because of the intensive economic, cultural, and domestic relations between them and the large-scale service facilities they share (transport, water supply). Conurbations are considered one of the elements or types of population agglomeration.

References in periodicals archive ?
Proportion of Whites in migration from outside Great Britain, 1990-91, and in population, 1991, by conurbation Conurbation All White White migrants migrants residents no.
The Sunday Mercury understands that the council leaders agreed to introduce a PS30-a-year charge if OAPs want 'free' train and tram travel to continue within the conurbation.
In return, the Black Country will have to acknowledge the crucial role played by Birmingham and accept that the city centre is effectively the centre of the conurbation.
There is evidence to show successful city regions have an economically successful city at their core thus success for Middlesbrough would be a success for the whole of the Teesside conurbation and the wider Tees Valley.
That is bigger but otherwise not dissimilar to Northumbria, which covers the conurbation of Tyne and Wear and the wide open spaces of Northumberland.
Similar developments being contemplated on the other side of the interchange will set in motion the development of a conurbation linking Huddersfield and Halifax.
This conurbation is connected by citizens from Wolverhampton to Solihull and from Rubery to Sutton Coldfield totalling 2.
AMID all the economic gloom, you reported splendid news recently that the Teesside conurbation is to receive pounds 62m to improve bus travel.
Mr Shipley said: "It would not just be a city centre congestion charge, it would be road pricing for the entire conurbation.
The factories and steel mills have now almost entirely disappeared, erased from the conurbation to be replaced by new technology office parks--logical incubators of the next generation of expertise--and the inevitable shopping centres, as at Homestead where a few surreal chimneys stand as kitsch reminders of a redundant past.
And while many of our biggest business concerns are in the larger conurbation areas, there is no reason why we cannot have more thriving businesses in rural areas.
It is closely followed by the Greater London conurbation, weighing in at pounds 243,346, Berkshire at pounds 232,009 and Oxfordshire costing pounds 228,925.