conurbation

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conurbation

a large densely populated urban sprawl formed by the growth and coalescence of individual towns or cities

conurbation

a continuous urban area resulting from the fusion of previously independent towns. The term was introduced by Patrick Geddes in Cities in Evolution (1915). Related terms are urban agglomeration and METROPOLITAN AREA.

Conurbation

 

(called agglomeration of settled points in Russian), a cluster of populated areas, mostly urban, but also rural, which are growing closer and blending in places and are united by intensive economic, labor, and cultural ties.

Communality of the populace’s everyday life is typical of the conurbation; it is manifested in part in “pendulum-like” transportation to work within its limits. Conurbation is the most developed and complex form of the group distribution of populated areas; conurbations are primarily located around the larger cities, which then become the nuclei of the conurbations, but multicentered conurbations also arise in heavily populated industrial areas—for instance, in coal basins.

Conurbations in developed countries are concentrations of a considerable portion of the population. Forty-two percent of the urban population of the USA was living in 16 conurbations as of 1962; in the USSR up to 40 percent of the urban population was living in 40 conurbations in 1959. The Moscow conurbation includes over 130 populated areas with 8 million inhabitants. The growth of conurbations reflects the territorial concentration of industry and labor resources. In the capitalist countries spontaneous growth of conurbations, sometimes to enormous dimensions, is typical. In the USSR and other socialist countries the formation of conurbations is subjected to regulation by regional planning.

REFERENCES

Dubrovin, P. I. “Aglomeratsiia gorodov (Genezis, ekonomika, morfologiia).” In Voprosy geografii, collection 45. Moscow, 1959.
Davidovich, V. G., and G. M. Lappo. “Voprosy razvitiia gorod-skikh aglomeratsii v SSSR.” In the collection Sovremennye prob-lemy geografii. Moscow, 1964.
Davidovich, V. G. “O vzaimosviazannom rasselenii v gorodskikh aglomeratsiakh.” In the collection Gradostroitel’ stvo i raionnaia planirovka. Kiev, 1967.
Bogorad, D. I. “Zadachi izucheniia i regulirovaniia rosta gorodskikh aglomeratsii.” In Nauchnye problemy geografii naseleniia. Moscow, 1967.

S. A. KOVALEV


Conurbation

 

a group of contiguous and closely inter-related independent cities that form a unity because of the intensive economic, cultural, and domestic relations between them and the large-scale service facilities they share (transport, water supply). Conurbations are considered one of the elements or types of population agglomeration.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the meantime the enormous expense of ultra fast trains would be better directed to releasing pressure on the conurbations.
Although new information and communication technologies are still driving overall economic growth, they are driving it more strongly in economic regions that lie outside the conurbations in question
In fact, metropolitan Britain [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE 1 OMITTED] has been gaining people during the 1990s, with a majority of its eight biggest conurbations showing at least some growth.
This conurbation is connected by citizens from Wolverhampton to Solihull and from Rubery to Sutton Coldfield totalling 2.
TRANSPORT Secretary Lord Adonis has insisted that a new high speed rail line would connect all major conurbations - including Yorkshire - but added that it could not be "done in one go".
In his letter, Lord Adonis went on: "We would wish this work to consider in particular the potential for HS2 to extend to the conurbations of Greater Manchester, West Yorkshire, the North East and Scotland.
BIRMINGHAM and other major conurbations are being; blamed by Councilor John Taylor, Conservative leader or West Midlands County Council, for "harassing" business.
The figures come as council leader Coun John Shipley said Government ministers have made it clear they want major conurbations like Tyneside to lead the way in congestion charging which could be in place by 2012.
As the biggest conurbations outside of London, Brum deserves a better service from one of our major airports.
Added to this is the fact that such a company provides much-needed employment away from Wales' urban conurbations.
Dafydd actually condemned racists in his recent speech; people who could not cope with multi-cultural society in England's large conurbations, choosing instead to move to rural Wales to get away from such communities.
Legislation will allow for a traffic head for London and other major conurbations like the West Midlands.