conversation analysis

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conversation(al) analysis

an approach within ETHNOMETHODOLOGY which analyses naturally occurring forms of talk. The objective is to uncover those general principles which govern the organization of talk, e.g. the rules governing turn-taking (i.e. how a conversation is managed by its participants, H. SACKS et al., 1974), and the implications of these in specific contexts (e.g. in clinical relationships, Atkinson, 1981).
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It does so through the lens of communication theory and by using a combination of conversation analysis and narrative analysis as methods.
Conversation analysis is a variant of ethnomethodology that provides analytic methods for explicating the ongoing production of sense-making during interactions (Sacks, 1995).
The multidisciplinary collection, drawing on such fields as discourse analysis, code-switching, media studies, post-colonial studies, conversation analysis, and multi-lingual research, explores English-based hybridization in four sections that explore the role of hybridity in subverting the canon of standard English; hybridized discourses of identity in the media; hybridity in the linguistic practices of online communities; and the ways in which hybrid identities and agencies are constructed through language.
According to the Conversation Analysis paradigm, promoted by Sacks, Schegloff, and Jefferson (1974), conversation implies a social interaction system of turn-taking, which works in a similar way to game turns or traffic turns in intersections.
From this principle, he has drawn four maxims that have become the most potent tools for conversation analysis.
In Australia, the devotion of an entire Australian Journal of Communication to conversation analysis (CA) and membership categorisation analysis (MCA) in late 2009 reflected an emerging analytic interest in using these methodologies in communication research (Butler, Fitzgerald and Gardner, 2009).
000 words (Coupling Corpus), the author tries to reveal the potentials of using TV series in "English as an Additional Language" (EAL) Classrooms by employing the methods of Conversation Analysis (CA) and Corpus Linguistics (CL).
This article first discusses some key features and analytic aspects of conversation analysis (CA).
The 13 essays, which function as chapters, address qualitative interviews, focus groups, observational methods, conversation analysis, case studies, analysis of qualitative data, action research and consensus development.
For example, Buttny and Jensen use conversation analysis to examine the hot stove league, i.
Chapters 8 and 9 are devoted to the two main approaches to the analysis of conversation, which are the University of Birmingham's work pioneered by Sinclair and Coulthard, and the ethno approach to conversation analysis.
Conversation analysis (hereafter CA) is a formal, qualitative method for the analysis of naturally occurring interaction.