copula

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linking verb

Linking verbs (also known as copulas or copular verbs) are used to describe the state of being of the subject of a clause. Unlike action verbs (also called dynamic verbs), they connect the subject to the predicate of the clause without expressing any action.
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copula

Logic the often unexpressed link between the subject and predicate terms of a categorial proposition, as are in all men are mortal

Copula

 

an auxiliary grammatical element of a compound predicate having a weakened lexical meaning and serving to express merely grammatical categories of the predicate, the lexical meaning being expressed by a nonconjugated, usually nominal, element. The verb “to be” is used as a copula in many languages. The presence of a copula may be obligatory, as in English and French; optional, as in Russian and Hungarian; determined by the type of nominal predicate, as in Swahili; or determined by the semantic character of the sentence, as in Khmer. Certain verbs besides “to be” can function as copulas; these verbs, which introduce an additional nuance to the meaning of the elements linked by the verb, include the Russian nachinat’ (“to begin”), stanovit’sia (“to become”), and delat’ (“to do,” “to make”).

References in periodicals archive ?
Entre a primeira e a decima pergunta, o missionario quer saber se uma mulher casada mantinha relacoes poligamicas, ao copular com outro homem (apyaba), alem do marido.
Structurally, such sentences still look copular (the third-person copula nai can still sometimes occur), but are best analyzed as a new kind of transitive construction (Meira 2007).
The zero-copula construction can be analyzed as a subtype of the copular one (basically, the copula is omitted under certain circumstances), but the positional construction is indeed of a different kind.
Finally, we will consider the use of the positionals and of the locative/ copular verb sein 'be' in relation to the BLC hierarchy proposed by David Wilkins, as summarized in the introduction to this issue.
2b) The dynamic present perfect, expressing an event in the past that has a bearing on the present, is expressed by the Pt base with copular suffixes, and lacks a preverbal particle, e.
Given the discussion thus far, it should not be surprising that Vietnamese existentials are expressed using the multifunctional element co; in this usage, co corresponds to the English copular be.
Specifically, the nonverbal predicate in (2) receives tense and agreement morphology via the present variant of the copular clitic (y / 0 (= null)).
Zribi-Hertz (1997) argues convincingly that the predicates in English copular constructions like This is John's/mine do not involve elliptical possessees but should be considered possessive adjectives instead.
Should we not expect the most important information at the end of the sentence, that is, in an inverted copular sentence?
Distinguishing copular and aspectual auxiliaries: Spanish 'ser' and "estar'.
Except for copular sentences and a few other cases which allow inversion of subject and verb or auxiliary, topicalization will always result in a position before the subject.
Unergatives as copular verbs: locatianal and existential predication.