coral snake


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coral snake,

name for poisonous New World snakes of the same family as the Old World cobrascobra,
name for African and Asian snakes of the family Elapidae that are equipped with inflatable neck hoods. The family also includes the African mambas, the Asian kraits, the New World coral snakes and a large number of Australian snakes.
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. About 30 species inhabit Mexico, Central America, and N South America; two are found in the United States. The Eastern coral snake (Micrurus fulvius), or harlequin snake, is found in the SE United States and N Mexico. It is a burrowing snake with a small, blunt head and a cylindrical body, averaging 2 1-2 ft (75 cm) in length. The body is ringed with bands of black, red, and yellow; the tail has yellow and black rings only. The Sonoran, or Western, coral snake (Micruroides euryxanthus) is a rather rare species found in the SW United States and NW Mexico. It is about 18 in. (45 cm) long and has much broader bands of yellow than those of the Eastern species. Coral snakes can be distinguished from a number of similarly colored harmless snakes by the fact that they are the only ones with red bands touching yellow ones. The venom of coral snakes, like that of cobras, acts on the nervous system and causes paralysis; the mortality rate among humans who are bitten is high. However, coral snakes are infrequently encountered because of their burrowing habits, and they seldom bite unless handled. They feed on other snakes and on lizards. Coral snakes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Reptilia, order Squamata, family Elapidae.

coral snake

its bite is deadly. [Zoology: NCE, 654]
References in periodicals archive ?
Owing to my old age, 80 years, I did not fly right away to your city to provide treatment to a brother of yours who, according to the news, was bitten by a CORAL snake that put him on the edge of his grave.
The vaccine does not protect against venom from Cottonmouths, Mojave Rattlesnakes, or Coral snakes.
Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, the company that provided the Eastern Coral Snake antivenom, decided several years ago to suspend manufacturing it for reasons the company has neither released nor confirmed publicly.
The scarlet king snake's mimicry relies on potential attackers having encountered the eastern coral snake and knowing that the red, black, and yellow snake is poisonous.
But all my knowledge didn't protect me from my own close encounter a few weeks later, when I stepped right on a coral snake (red and yellow stripes touching, I noted even in my screaming panic) while I was hanging out laundry.
Coral snake mimicry: live snakes not avoided by a mammalian predator.
This baby coral snake used a pointy "egg tooth" on its snout to rip open its tough shell.
Patient as the coral snake in the double sleeping bag
The most venomous snake in Brazil, however, is the coral snake.
A large number of Neotropical snakes have some elements of the coral snake pattern (Pough 1988b), but there is very little information on the protective effects of partial mimics, largely due to the extreme difficulty of observing predation events in the field.