coral snake


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coral snake,

name for poisonous New World snakes of the same family as the Old World cobrascobra,
name for African and Asian snakes of the family Elapidae that are equipped with inflatable neck hoods. The family also includes the African mambas, the Asian kraits, the New World coral snakes and a large number of Australian snakes.
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. About 30 species inhabit Mexico, Central America, and N South America; two are found in the United States. The Eastern coral snake (Micrurus fulvius), or harlequin snake, is found in the SE United States and N Mexico. It is a burrowing snake with a small, blunt head and a cylindrical body, averaging 2 1-2 ft (75 cm) in length. The body is ringed with bands of black, red, and yellow; the tail has yellow and black rings only. The Sonoran, or Western, coral snake (Micruroides euryxanthus) is a rather rare species found in the SW United States and NW Mexico. It is about 18 in. (45 cm) long and has much broader bands of yellow than those of the Eastern species. Coral snakes can be distinguished from a number of similarly colored harmless snakes by the fact that they are the only ones with red bands touching yellow ones. The venom of coral snakes, like that of cobras, acts on the nervous system and causes paralysis; the mortality rate among humans who are bitten is high. However, coral snakes are infrequently encountered because of their burrowing habits, and they seldom bite unless handled. They feed on other snakes and on lizards. Coral snakes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Reptilia, order Squamata, family Elapidae.

coral snake

its bite is deadly. [Zoology: NCE, 654]
References in periodicals archive ?
Bites by the Western Coral Snake, an entirely different species, have never been covered by antivenom because they are not known to cause potentially fatal respiratory failure.
There were 96 records regarding human exposure to coral snake venom in the Texas Poison Center database that met the inclusion criteria.
Notes on reproduction in the false coral snakes, Erythrolamprus bizona and Erythrolamprus mimus (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Costa Rica.
Experimental studies of coral snake mimicry: generalized avoidance of ringed snake patterns by free-ranging avian predators.
There were the copperhead (mainly confined to the North Florida prairies, I was relieved to discover); the water moccasin, with its nasty temper and horrible, gaping white mouth; the deadly rattler; and most venomous of all, the red--yellow--and black-striped coral snake, easy to confuse with a more benign species, the book warned, unless you knew that its red and yellow bands were always adjacent to each other--thus the helpful rhyme, "Red and yellow will kill a fellow.
The researchers focused on predator behavior toward extremely poisonous coral snakes, noted for their ringed markings of red, black, and yellow, or red, black, and white, along with their harmless imitators, the kingsnakes.
Dr Jack Cohen, reptiles expert at Warwick University, said that, although coral snakes had a poisonous bite, they would not attack anyone unless provoked.
A man bitten by a poisonous coral snake killed the reptile by biting off its head, then used its skin as a tourniquet _ a move that probably saved his life.
No antivenin exists for the Western coral snake, and no other company makes antivenins for any U.
coarctatus have been previously reported from the false coral snake (Erythrolamprus bizona) collected in Panama (Riley & Self 1980); but, to the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of adults specimens in Panamanian snakes.
He contacted police and officers warned neighbours to be aware of the animal which is believed to be a tropical coral snake.
One coral snake (poisonous) made the mistake of entering our chicken yard, to be fought over as a delicacy.