Light and temperature requirements for survival, growth and reproduction of the crustose coralline
Lithophyllum stictaeforme from the Mediterranean Sea.
algae (CCA) are important marine calcifiers that play critical roles in marine ecosystems, particularly coral reefs.
The Mediterranean-Atlantic characteristics of Messinian reef corallines
therefore reflect the decrease in tropical biotas that occurred during the Miocene (around 20 million years ago).
gravida and branched corallines
occurred on the SIR.
Competition of epiphytic nongeniculate corallines
(Curallinales, Rhodophyta): overgrowth is not victory.
, bivalves, and barnacles occupied consistently low proportions of root space across all communities.
Baseline studies of coralline
demography are needed if we are to detect the impacts of climate change on corallines
in the field, but such studies are lacking in the literature.
pulcherrimus on crustose corallines
migrate to algal turf at a shallower depth of 0-0.
[Littler and Littler 1997b], seagrasses [Sand-Jensen and Borum 1991], and laminarialean kelps [Chapman and Craigie 1977]) erode away at the older apical regions taking a "conveyor-belt" series of epiphytic successional stages with them.
Moreover, the sloughing of surface layers observed for most crustose species (Giraud & Cabioch 1976) could be contributing to the reduction of attached diatom cells on the CCA substrate and might therefore affect growth rates of postlarvae, given that corallines
present a low food value for abalone postlarvae (Roberts 2001).
or their associated biofilm have been demonstrated to induce settlement in the larvae of echinoderms(e.
kelp, ephemeral greens, fleshy reds, and calcareous (this item includes mainly encrusting corallines
and traces of sand and shell remains).