Keratoplasty

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Related to corneal transplant: keratoconus, Fuchs dystrophy

keratoplasty

[′ker·əd·ō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
A plastic operation on the cornea, especially the transplantation of a portion of the cornea.

Keratoplasty

 

an operation involving corneal grafting.

It is performed when there are persistent opacities (leukomas) of the cornea that cause a severe decrease in vision, in order to partially or completely restore vision. Sometimes keratoplasty is resorted to also for cosmetic reasons. In keratoplasty the altered cornea is excised and in its place a disk of similar shape and size is grafted that is taken from the cornea of a person whose eye was removed for other reasons.

References in periodicals archive ?
In support of Eye Donor Awareness month this March, the American Academy of Ophthalmology is encouraging eye donation for corneal transplants by highlighting the importance of this life-changing surgery.
However, each year more than 800,000 Americans benefit from tissue donation and over 46,500 people have their sight restored as a result of corneal transplants.
Executive Director Karen Hamilton says, "The year after the move there was an increase in eye donations and a record 99 corneal transplants.
8, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Corneal transplants performed in the United States this year will result in nearly $6 billion in total net benefits over the lifetime of the recipients, according to a six-month study undertaken by the Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA).
One in five corneal transplant patients will have a rejection episode.
Keratoconus was the main reason for corneal transplants representing up to 70 per cent of cases performed in Abu Dhabi, said Dr Saleh Saif Al Mosabi, Corneal Transplant Surgeon at SKMC.
Selina was examined by Mr Kumar at the Princess of Wales Hospital, Bridgend, and his expert advice was that she needed a corneal transplant as some form of virus was destroying the delicate lens on the front of her eye.
Corneal transplant co-ordinator Craig Rabbetts said: "We have had 58 donors, who have potentially given the gift of sight to 232 people.
Buccellato said the company is poised to focus on several other research areas including multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, corneal transplant rejection and certain autoimmune skin conditions.
One of the world's leading eye banks, SightLife was founded as a non-profit corneal transplant tissue recovery and distribution organization in 1969.
EBAA estimates an average person whose vision has been restored through a corneal transplant will average about $214,000 in indirect costs over the course of his or her life.
CornealCross-linking is a non-invasive treatment that has the potential to halt the progression of Keratoconus and Corneal Ectasia, possibly saving patients from the need for corneal transplant.