Cornet

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cornet,

brass wind musical instrument, created in France about 1830 by adding valves to the post horn. It is usually in B flat and is the same size as the B flat trumpet, but has a more conical bore. The cornet, a transposing instrumenttransposing instrument,
a musical instrument whose part in a score is written at a different pitch than that actually sounded. Such an instrument is usually referred to by the keynote of its natural scale—the clarinet in A, for example—in which case A is sounded when
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, has a less brilliant tone but greater agility than the trumpet. It has long been a standard instrument in bands. In the orchestra, the cornet is used with the trumpet. It was used extensively in jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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 in the early 20th cent. It should not be confused with the cornett, an instrument of the Middle Ages and Renaissance, which used a cup mouthpiece on a wooden or ivory body supplied with fingerholes similar to those on woodwinds. A bass cornett was used until the early 19th cent.

Cornet

 

a junior officer rank in the Russian cavalry.

The rank of cornet was introduced in 1801 throughout the whole cavalry, except in the dragoon and cossack regiments, and corresponded to the rank of ensign (until 1884) and of second lieutenant (from 1884) in the rest of the troops. From 1882 the rank of cornet was introduced in the dragoon regiments and then in the gendarmerie and the frontier troops. It was abolished in 1917.


Cornet

 

a wind instrument; consists of a joining of cylindrical and conical brass pipes ending in a bell, a valve mechanism (cylindrical or pump), and an attached mouthpiece. The instrument (without mouthpiece) is 295–320 mm long. The cornet is used in opera and symphony orchestras but is most significant in brass bands.

References in periodicals archive ?
During World War II, while playing for Allied troops with the USO and its British equivalent, she met her husband, Chicago cornetist Jimmy McPartland.
In a saturated market everybody who wants cable/satellite Tv already gets it there's no way for cornetist and Dish Network to protect their margins but to raise prices.
Born in England, she married Chicago jazz cornetist Jimmy McPartland after the two met while performing at USO shows in World War II.
Helmholtz in a loud tenor, singing the first-cornet part when the first cornetist, florid and perspiring, gave up and slouched in his chair, his instrument in his lap.
The story was originally a novel written by Dorothy Parker 12 years earlier, which was based on the life story of pioneering jazz cornetist Bix Beiderbecke.
Brother Richard Sudhalter is an established jazz author and cornetist, while her father Albert Sudhalter plays the saxophone and violin.
Everyone liked John (Johnny) Lawrence, cornetist with the Merseysippi, now the oldest jazz band in the world.
Cornetist Polcer and his jazz all-stars play a Jazz Club of Sarasota concert, at 7:30 p.
But along the way we also catch glimpses of the greats: cornetist Keppard, bandleader James Reese Europe, saxophonist Sidney Bechet.
The California Ramblers is the band with which Rollini was most associated at the beginning of his career, but most of his recordings were made with various impromptu studio groups, like Red Nichols and his Five Pennies or Miff Mole and his Little Molers (effectively the same band, recording alternately under the names of cornetist Nichols or trombonist Mole).