corset

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corset,

article of dress designed to support or modify the figure. Greek and Roman women sometimes wrapped broad bands about the body. In the Middle Ages a short, close-fitting, laced outer bodice or waist was worn. By the 16th cent. it had become a tight inner bodice, sometimes of leather, stiffened with whalebone, wooden splints, or steel; fashion demanded the slenderest possible waist in contrast with the enormous farthingales and stuffed breeches that were worn. Stays and tight lacing were made for both men and women from the 17th through the 19th cent., except for a brief period following the French Revolution. By 1900 the corset had become primarily a female garment, and it was gradually modified to conform to the natural lines of the body.

Corset

 

a broad belt that is worn tightly around the thorax and waist. It is an article of women’s clothing. In medicine, orthopedic corsets are used to correct curvature of the spine and spinal injuries. Corsets are meant to restrict movement of the spine, to relieve pressure on the spine, and to correct deformities. A corset can be stiff, semistiff, or soft and elastic. As a rule, corsets are made from a plaster cast taken from the patient; they are made out of leather, gelatin glue, aluminum, or fabric with metal or plastic bones.

The construction of the corset and the material from which it is made are determined by the location and character of the spinal injury. For injuries to the thoracic or cervical regions, the corsets are made with neck braces; corsets made for lumbar injuries only come up to the shoulder blades. For example, in cases of tuberculosis, stiff corsets are prescribed; for small spinal injuries, semistiff corsets; and for spinal curvatures, soft elastic corsets with busks made of plastic and flexible steel. A corset should be worn constantly only upon the advice of a physician.

V. L. ANDRIANOV and N. N. NEFED’EVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Plenty of designs and ideas are available for women underbust, overbust and waist training corsets to cater to the body type of almost all women.
But these problems haven't deterred Michele, who insists, 'The corsets have become an important part of my life.
Taylor Lane Designs, a manufacturer of women's tops with corset foundations, has a team of skilled professionals who run and manage all of the designing, drafting, patterning, grading, embroidery, and construction.
NEW YORK -- From a 1770 corset to a 2014 bra-and-panty set in lacy stretch silk, the Museum at the Fashion Institute of Technology has put the focus on lingerie and ladies foundation garments in a new exhibition.
Even though, majority of doctors have warned that corsets can lead to serious health damage, proponents of the method claimed that the old fashion accessory actually works as it functions as a sort of non-surgical gastric bypass sleeve, Huffington Post reported.
Stepping into her shop, which also features a cafe, is like being transported back to a time when high society ladies wore corsets and drank afternoon tea.
The reason is that some of the fabric I work with costs as much as PS700 a metre so I wanted to display my corsets and skirts without them being touched and the shop windows are ideal for that.
Gillian Wesley began creating corsets on her kitchen table as a 'paying hobby' when her children were small.
She made corsets as a 'paying hobby', taking commissions from brides looking for something different to wear on their big day.
Stew White opened Through the Looking Glass Corsets to sell steel-boned corsets and lingerie, made by top independent designers.
Predominantly driven by suits and corsets, with a "nod" to the cone-shaped bra, Gaultier revealed an image of the outfits he has designed for her on stage performances ahead of the first night of the material girl's MDNA world tour, which kicks off tonight.