However, since there have not been many reports upon utilization of solvent-co-solvent mixture approach for modifying the active layer (P3HT/PCBM) morphology in an inverted device so, we considered in detail two processing techniques for the aforesaid cosolvent
addition (before spin coating step) for active layer preparation in the inverted device.
Even though a part of the bark is extracted and, as a result, the total energy flow to the boiler is decreased, the cosolvent
losses to the bark and the drying will increase the heat content of the extracted bark.
ethanol, n-propanol) is typically used as a cosolvent
to enhance the pot life of the formulation.
Sayed-Sweet of Alberdingk Boley said that the company incorporates renewable castor and linseed oil into its PUDs, as well design solvent-free PUDs with low cosolvent
SM/NEDDS are isotropic preconcentrates of drug, oil, surfactant, cosolvent
which readily generate ultrafine micro/nanoemulsions after dispersion in water with mild agitation.
The composition contains at least one active ingredient selected from the group consisting of triethylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, propylene glycol, triethanolarnine, and mixtures thereof, wherein at least one active ingredient reduces the partial pressure of malodorants; nonionic surfactant comprising a mixture of a hydrogenated castor oil surfactant and a polyglycol ether; quaternary ammonium salt; cosolvent
selected from the group consisting of short chain monohydric alcohol; and water.
It avoids the use of a cosolvent
(ethanol) and a surfactant (cremphor), which are present in an innovator product that has been claimed to be responsible for allergic reactions.
Catalytic activity and denaturation of enzymes in watedorganic cosolvent
Another hypothesis is that the cosolvent
polysorbate 80, used to solubilise amiodarone, has hepatotoxic effects (11).
Addition of 1% v/v of NMP in ethanol: tricaprylin (TCP) (50:50) cosolvent
system could not significantly increase the permeation rate of these drugs.
Israeli scientists have found a unique mixture of water, special food-grade oil, food-grade surfactants, cosolvent
(polyol) and coemulsifiers that can self-assemble to form new nanosized modified umbrella-type microemulsions, which are totally dilutable with the aqueous phase.
includes ethers, alcohols, ketones, nitriles, sulfoxides, amides, amines, acids, and their combinations.