cotinga


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cotinga

(kōtĭng`gə), any of the New World tropical birds of the family Cotingidae. Cotingas range from N Argentina to the southern border of the United States; most are forest species and inhabit the highest treetops. Although there is great variation in appearance among these birds, all have broad bills with slightly hooked tips, rounded wings, and strong short legs. Some species are dull-colored, with little difference between males and females; in many species, however, the males are brightly colored and have curiously modified wing and head feathers. The umbrella birds (genus Cephalopterus), found from Central America to Argentina, have a black, umbrellalike crest, which is raised and expanded during courtship displays, and feathered throat wattles nearly as long as the bird itself. The bellbirds (genus Procnias), found from Central America to Argentina, have a distinctive bell-like call; they are marked by feather-studded, fleshy protuberances drooping over their bills. Both the male and the female cock-of-the-rock (genus Rupicola) are marked by a fan-shaped crest of feathers, which extends from bill tip to the top of the head. There are two cock-of-the-rock species; in R. rupicola, of the Guianas, the male is golden-orange with black wings and tail, while in R. peruviana, of the Andes, the male is bright red with similar markings. In both species the female is olive brown. The cock-of-the-rock, a terrestrial bird, performs a communal mating ritual in which males go through stylized stances and acrobatics. There are about 90 species of cotingas classified in 33 genera of the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Cotingidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
A molecular phylogeny of the cotingas (Aves: Cotingidae).
Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the tyrant flycatchers, cotingas, manakins, and their allies (Aves: Tyrannides).
This may be true for the Yellow-billed Cotinga that appears to be intrinsically tied to mangroves, and is a relative generalist in its food choices.
Further fragmentation or deforestation here would almost certainly have negative impacts on the population in Rincon, which is a stronghold for the Yellow-billed Cotinga.
Notes on the distribution, natural history and conservation of the Yellow-billed Cotinga (Carpodectes antoniae).
Osa Peninsula 2011: radio tracking Yellow-billed Cotinga (Carpodectes antoniae).
HR %HR Lowland Cotinga Season HR(ha) Core(ha) forest Mangrove Female Breeding 56.
We captured and radio-tagged three Yellow-billed Cotingas and monitored them between 17 February to 30 October 2011.
We captured, radio-tagged, and tracked three adult Yellow-billed Cotingas (one female and two males: hereafter Male 1 and Male 2).
In fact, inland sightings of Yellow-billed Cotingas have been reported by Jones et al.
This lack of nest duties may have freed up her time to spend the day wandering through lowland forest to feed on fruit with other small groups of cotingas.
Additionally, in Panama, Yellow-billed Cotingas have been regularly observed feeding on fruit trees in pasture adjacent to mangroves (Angehr 2000), highlighting the importance of the availability of food resources near mangrove habitat.