Counterweight

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counterweight

[′kau̇nt·ər‚wāt]
(mechanical engineering)
A device which counterbalances the original load in elevators and skip and mine hoists, going up when the load goes down, so that the engine must only drive against the unbalanced load and overcome friction.
Any weight placed on a mechanism which is out of balance so as to maintain static equilibrium. Also known as counterbalance; counterpoise.

Counterweight

A heavy component used to counterbalance the weight of a movable element; connected either with a cable over a pulley as in elevators or at one end of a lever as in a bascule bridge.

Counterweight

 

(also, counterbalance, counterpoise), a weight used for the complete or partial balancing of forces and moments in machines or their parts. The installation of counterweights on rotating parts, such as crankshafts, can eliminate the harmful effects of centrifugal forces originating from off-center masses.

In metalcutting machine tools, hoists, deep-well plunger pumps, and similar machines with vertically or obliquely moving parts, counterweights reduce the drive power. In hoisting cranes, counterweights provide stability; the arm and weight of the crane’s counterweight are selected to balance the moment of the weight of the mechanisms and metal frame together with half of the moment of a rated load. Counterweights are usually made in the form of a set of pig-iron or concrete bars or slabs.

counterweight

1. A weight that just balances another weight.
2. In a theater stagehouse, a weight (usually of iron, sand, or shot) used to balance suspended scenery, or the like.
References in periodicals archive ?
The stairway is held within the form of a double ellipse and, counterweighted, is suspended from the cat's cradle of steel cabling which supports a new and extended glass roof.
Without a counterweight, hydraulic systems consume approximately 3 times more electricity than a gearless system, and twice as much as a geared counterweighted system.