coup


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coup

(ko͞o) [Fr.,=blow], among Native North Americans of the Plains culture, a war honor, awarded for striking an enemy in such a way that it was considered an extreme act of bravery. Generally, coups were awarded according to the degree of difficulty and danger involved; the most extreme, such as striking an armed enemy with the bare hand, counted highest. Killing an enemy, wounding him, scalping him, or stealing his horse or gun—all these were coups of value. Recital of the deeds was an important social function, and a warrior with many coups held a high status and was honored at feasts, ceremonials, and in the tribe. After warfare had ceased, coups became transferable property, passing from the old men to the younger, who needed coups to acquire warrior status in the tribe.

coup (d'état)

the sudden overthrow of state power by unconstitutional, usually violent, means. In contrast to a revolutionary change in power, in a coup there may be no intention to change the social and economic set-up radically. Instead, a change in the governing group may be all that is intended. In recent decades, many coups have been military (see MILITARY INTERVENTION IN POLITICS). See also REVOLUTION.
References in periodicals archive ?
A chance connection in the mid-1980s led Coup to Richard Ten Eck, the original designer.
In the words of Robert Parry in The Consortium, this story dealt with "the slaughter of an estimated quarter million people by the sadistic Guatemalan army, a military that has dominated the Central American country since the CIA-sponsored and directed coup in 1954 to oust a democratically elected government.
Families in attendance carried the photos of their loved ones who either lost their lives after the coup or were executed by the military government and remarked that those who committed inhumane crimes during the period of the Sept.
A top Burundian general, former Intelligence Chief Godefroid Niyombare, launched the coup on Wednesday, capping weeks of violent protests against the president's controversial bid for a third term.
The Houthis' coup will only lead to more violence and bloody conflict in this sisterly country," it cautioned, while calling on the international community to live up to its responsibility by condemning this "coup" and rejecting its consequences.
Edward Lino, former Abyei chief administrator and a leading elite of SPLM was the latest to join the voices dismissing the coup attempt in a series of articles he has been publishing in the various opposition media and blogs informing the world about what transpired.
The latter then carried out a second coup in which he bolstered his powers.
A band of active and retired military officers have been recruiting supporters from the military since last year to stage a coup but nothing has happened to the Aquino administration, Senator Antonio Trillanes said.
Davos, Jan 29 ( ANI ): Pakistan Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani has said a military coup is not a possibility in Pakistan in the present scenario, as the army desired democracy and stability in the country.
THE much-awaited Mini Coup, the brand's fifth model, makes its world premiere at the Frankfurt Motor Show.
Exhaust emissions and fuel economy have been improved significantly and the changes apply to all coup, cabriolet and Sportback versions.
Summary: Kenan Evren, the general who led a coup in Turkey in 1980, will give a statement next week to prosecutors investigating the putsch and the killings and arrests which followed it, media reports said Thursday.