coup

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coup

(ko͞o) [Fr.,=blow], among Native North Americans of the Plains culture, a war honor, awarded for striking an enemy in such a way that it was considered an extreme act of bravery. Generally, coups were awarded according to the degree of difficulty and danger involved; the most extreme, such as striking an armed enemy with the bare hand, counted highest. Killing an enemy, wounding him, scalping him, or stealing his horse or gun—all these were coups of value. Recital of the deeds was an important social function, and a warrior with many coups held a high status and was honored at feasts, ceremonials, and in the tribe. After warfare had ceased, coups became transferable property, passing from the old men to the younger, who needed coups to acquire warrior status in the tribe.

coup (d'état)

the sudden overthrow of state power by unconstitutional, usually violent, means. In contrast to a revolutionary change in power, in a coup there may be no intention to change the social and economic set-up radically. Instead, a change in the governing group may be all that is intended. In recent decades, many coups have been military (see MILITARY INTERVENTION IN POLITICS). See also REVOLUTION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dans le premier Conseil des ministres de l'apres coup d'Etat tenu vendredi dernier a Ouagadougou, le Regiment de securite presidentielle (RSP), a l'origine du putsch du 17 septembre, a ete dissout par decret.
The latest of those conspiracies was a plot to stage a coup d'etat against President Nicolas Maduro, an attempt the source said "was schemed by circles linked to the U.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Former Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra is no longer in military custody, a highly placed source in the junta that took over Thailand in a coup d'etat last week said Sunday.
Describing the situation as "half a coup d'etat," Lt.
This coup d'etat was so violent it was surreal, so how can a civilized nation support such behaviour?
Amum a ete accuse d'implication dans la recente tentative de coup d'Etat militaire dejoue visant a renverser le gouvernement du Sud-Soudan.
The United States considers the series of events in Madagascar in early 2009 to be a military coup d'etat.
She described the situation as "a coup d'etat against Arab Spring countries".
Naguere modele de stabilite et de democratie en Afrique de l'Ouest, le Mali est plonge depuis un an et demi dans une grave crise politique et securitaire consecutive a l'offensive des rebelles touareg debut 2012, suivie d'un coup d'Etat militaire en mars de la meme annee, puis d'un deferlement de groupes djihadistes armes et d'une intervention armee etrangere pour les chasser.
Quiet unexpectedly, this coup d'etat is exercised not to usurp power but hand it over.
Selon le coordinateur du Mouvement, Mohamed Lachine, nombre de ressortissants egyptiens aux USA et dans des pays europeens ont appele les membres du mouvement a se rendre a l'etranger pour informer ces pays sur la revolution du 30 juin ecartant ainsi tous les qualificatifs errones de coup d'Etat.
Cairo, Ramadan 1, 1434, Jul 10, 2013, SPA -- Egyptian Interim President Adli Mansur said it was imperative to announce the Constitutional Declaration, immediately, to realize revolutionary demands, and to reaffirm that there were a people's revolution, rather than a coup d'etat, as some are trying to project it.