coup

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coup

(ko͞o) [Fr.,=blow], among Native North Americans of the Plains culture, a war honor, awarded for striking an enemy in such a way that it was considered an extreme act of bravery. Generally, coups were awarded according to the degree of difficulty and danger involved; the most extreme, such as striking an armed enemy with the bare hand, counted highest. Killing an enemy, wounding him, scalping him, or stealing his horse or gun—all these were coups of value. Recital of the deeds was an important social function, and a warrior with many coups held a high status and was honored at feasts, ceremonials, and in the tribe. After warfare had ceased, coups became transferable property, passing from the old men to the younger, who needed coups to acquire warrior status in the tribe.

coup (d'état)

the sudden overthrow of state power by unconstitutional, usually violent, means. In contrast to a revolutionary change in power, in a coup there may be no intention to change the social and economic set-up radically. Instead, a change in the governing group may be all that is intended. In recent decades, many coups have been military (see MILITARY INTERVENTION IN POLITICS). See also REVOLUTION.
References in periodicals archive ?
But instead of criticizing coups, we chose to criticize the 'cities of salt,' that is, the cities of the Arab Gulf, and of course, the United States.
0 TDI Coup now capable of averaging more than 60mpg, with CO emissions down from 134 to 122 g/km.
ISTANBUL: Kenan Evren, the general who led a coup in Turkey in 1980, will give a statement next week to prosecutors investigating the putsch and the killings and arrests which followed it, media reports said Thursday.
It conveys the image of a nation plagued by military coup d'etats.
However, the possibility of a military coup d'tat right now is very weak for the following reasons:
In an exclusive interview with Al Jazeera on Sunday, Abdel Aziz said that the coup was a reaction to the failure of Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi to govern the country.
Jenny Puangchaj, who works at the same restaurant, first heard about the bloodless coup when she was instant messaging a friend back home over the Internet.
THE organisation of a coup is just about my favourite activity.
LOCHHEAD Corporation has compiled this first annual List of Marketing Coups to call attention to businesses and organizations that recognized a new growth opportunity in their market and launched intelligent marketing to close the opportunity gap.
17-25, 2013 are classified as "judicial and police coups.
L'autre marocain, Ahmed Reda Rhazali s'est classe 9eme avec 213 coups.