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A sequence of behavioral patterns that eventually may lead to completed mating.



in ornithology, special behavior at the beginning of the mating period by which the male or female bird attracts an individual of the other sex and by which the birds are brought to a state of readiness for mating. Courtship is a form of animal communication and is expressed in various ways. It may involve singing, special flights, the adoption of special poses to display brightly colored plumage, the construction of false nests, or fights and “tournaments.” Courtship behavior is especially characteristic of polygamous species, for example, the black grouse. The males gather together in special areas away from the females. In the rare case of polyandry, as seen in phalaropes, the female courts the male. Among monogamous species the male courts the female.

References in periodicals archive ?
In contrast, courtship feeding in Chrysococcyx typically involves a series of stereotyped behaviors that we did not observe: the male's presentation of food while simultaneously cocking his head and vibrating his wings and tail, postural bowing movements by the male, vocalizations by the male or both individuals, or (in some cases) subsequent copulation (Irwin 1988).