cowpox virus


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Related to cowpox virus: smallpox virus, Monkeypox virus, vaccinia virus

cowpox virus

[′kau̇‚päks ‚vī·rəs]
(virology)
The causative agent of cowpox in cattle.
References in periodicals archive ?
A positive control for variola virus (X69198) was generated by multisite-directed mutagenesis from the gene encoding the 14-kD protein of the cowpox virus (permission from WHO was granted by Dr Gu6naO Rodier, no.
However, it is different from the original cowpox virus that Jenner used in his early vaccinations.
Balmis had to carry the cowpox virus across the ocean and then from town to town.
It is based on the first vaccine, the cowpox virus, which enabled the world to rid itself of smallpox.
When Edward Jenner started it all in 1796 he injected a child with the cowpox virus as a means of protecting him or her against smallpox.
The vaccinia virus in Dryvax has an obscure origin; it is based primarily upon the cowpox virus and may represent a re-assortment of smallpox and cowpox viruses.
Now the city's cancer experts have collaborated with US Government scientists to adapt the cowpox virus as a cancer vaccine.
Both vaccines were developed from a cowpox virus strain, NYCBH, which, unlike the INCELL vaccine, can replicate in humans.
Viruses in the family Poxviridae, genus Orthopoxvirus, consist of numerous pathogens known to infect humans, including variola virus (VARV), monkeypox virus (MPXV), cowpox virus (CPXV), and vaccinia virus (VACV).
Orthopox viruses are antigenetically closely related vertebrate viruses, including variola major virus (VAR), (1) monkeypox virus (MPV), camelpox virus (CML), vaccinia virus (VAC), cowpox virus (CPV), and six other species not pathogenic for humans.
POPULATION AT RISK British surgeon Edward Jenner launched the practice of vaccination in 1796 by using live, transmissible vaccinia or cowpox virus to protect his patients from closely related smallpox.
This virus is related but of different origin than the cowpox virus originally used by Jenner in 1798.