coxsackievirus


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Related to coxsackievirus: herpangina, Coxsackievirus B

Coxsackievirus

A large subgroup of the genus Enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae. The coxsackieviruses produce various human illnesses, including aseptic meningitis, herpangina, pleurodynia, and encephalomyocarditis of newborn infants. See Picornaviridae

Coxsackieviruses measure about 28 nanometers in diameter; they resemble other enteroviruses in many biological properties, but differ in their high pathogenicity for newborn mice. At least 23 antigenically distinct types in group A are now recognized, and 6 in group B.

After incubation for 2–9 days, during which the virus multiplies in the enteric tract, clinical manifestations appear which vary widely. Diagnosis is by isolation of virus in tissue culture or infant mice. Stools are the richest source of virus. Neutralizing and complement-fixing antibodies form during convalescence and are also useful in diagnosis. See Antibody, Complement-fixation test

The coxsackieviruses have worldwide distribution. Infections occur chiefly during summer and early fall, often in epidemic proportions. Spread of virus, like that of other enteroviruses, is associated with family contact and contacts among young children. See Animal virus, Virus classification

coxsackievirus

[ku̇k′säk·ē‚vī·rəs]
(virology)
A large subgroup of the enteroviruses in the picornavirus group including various human pathogens.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most commonly associated virus in the United States is Epstein-Barr virus; other viruses include hepatitis A virus, cytomegalovirus, coxsackievirus, respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza virus, rotavirus, the mumps virus, parvovirus, and molluscum contagiosum.
3,4) Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) is an epidemic form of highly contagious conjunctivitis mostly caused by Enterovirus 70 and Coxsackievirus A24 variant.
Together with the respiratory syncytial virus, strain Long (RSV), parainfluenza type 3 virus (Para 3), coxsackievirus subtype A9 (CA9), and adenovirus C subtype 5 (Adeno 5) all virus strains were obtained from the former Department of Medical Virology and Epidemiology of Virus Diseases of the Hygiene Institute of the University of Tubingen, Germany.
Rapid genomic evolution of a non-virulent Coxsackievirus 83 in selenium-deficient mice results in selection of identical virulent isolates.
Outbreak of hand, foot and mouth disease/herpangina associated with coxsackievirus A6 and A10 infections in 2010, France: a large citywide, prospective observational study.
Hearing loss is a known complication of viral infections such as coxsackievirus, cytomegalovirus, herpes, influenza, measles, and mumps.
Purpose: Our aim was to evaluate the preocular tear film in patients who had acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) caused by coxsackievirus A24 variant (CVA24v).
The most common of these viruses are coxsackievirus A16 and enterovirus 71, which has been associated with other infections, but most often manifests as hand, foot and mouth disease.
First, the antiviral effects of salidroside against coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) were determined in vitro and in vivo.
The magnitude of an epidemic of conjunctivitis in 2010 in Tanzania can be directly linked to enterovirus 70 and coxsackievirus A24.
Cavatak is the trade name of Coxsackievirus A21 (CVA21), a human virus that occurs naturally in the community and is associated with a common cold-like illness.
Acute parotitis is common in childhood, mostly associated with mumps infection and among the other causes there exist Staphylococcus aureus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Mycobacterium tuberculosis, echovirus, parainfluenza (types 1 and 3), coxsackievirus A, adenovirus or cytomegalovirus (1).