craft apprenticeship


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craft apprenticeship

the traditional method of learning a craft in Britain (and often elsewhere), in which the trainee was attached by a legally-binding agreement, the ‘indenture’, to a master for a specific number of years as an unpaid worker. The goal of an apprentice was to become a master craftsman. However, an intermediate stage existed, that of ‘journeyman’, and, in practice, this was often the limit of the achievement of many craft workers. Connected with the earlier medieval system of craft guilds, as well as being a method of passing on the technical skills and ‘trade secrets’ associated with a particular craft, the system of craft apprenticeship was also a way of controlling entry into a craft (see also LABOUR ARISTOCRACY; compare PROFESSION and TRADE UNIONS).

In modern times, with the spread of industrialism and factory production, craft apprenticeship continues to exist, although it is in part transformed. In recent years, however, the association of the system with restrictive practices, and its being regarded in some quarters as a barrier to technical change and the more flexible management of labour, has led to the virtual dismantling of apprenticeship as a general system for the training of skilled craft labour. Its replacement, in the UK at least, has been with a system of training based on colleges and ad hoc agencies, and not with a systematic pattern of skills training of the kind that exists in some other countries, e.g. Germany. See also DESKILLING, LABOUR PROCESS.

References in periodicals archive ?
Until that rule was revoked, all graduate engineers had to take the final two years of a craft apprenticeship before being regarded as skilled.
There is also a Higher Supply Chain Logistics apprenticeship and Craft Apprenticeship.
The new craft apprenticeship scheme will offer training in three separate areas - property workshop (prop making), scenic art (paintshop skills) and scenic workshop (set construction).
Now the 800 have faced their first round of selection tests for a craft apprenticeship with Airbus UK at Deeside College in Connah's Quay.
Anyone applying for a craft apprenticeship should have a minimum of three Standard Grades, including English at level three and preferably a craft or science subject at level four.
Nicholas's apprenticeship to remember began when he followed his brother into a job at the company with the biggest aeronautical engineering apprenticeship scheme in Wales, Airbus in Broughton, quickly enrolled for a craft apprenticeship and became a fitter.
He followed his brother into Airbus in Broughton -the company with the biggest aeronautical engineering apprenticeship scheme in Wales -and enrolled for a craft apprenticeship.
Through its graduate programme and craft apprenticeships the company is attracting a new generation of people and recently launched the first stage of an eight-year recruitment drive that will see more than 800 people start a new career in the region's energy industry.
Concern over the retention of young people and qualification levels on traditional craft apprenticeships in the county resulted in the Carmarthenshire Construction Training Association (CCTAL) launching a shared apprenticeship programme to address the problem.
A YOUNG woman from Pershore has travelled to Westminster to meet with a crossparty group of politicians, as part of a new campaign to encourage women into craft apprenticeships.
RUGBY MP Mark Pawsey has pledged his support to a campaign that aims to encourage more women into craft apprenticeships He gave his backing to the JTL Apprentice Ambassador initiative after meeting Kimberley Worster, a 22-year-old electrician from Kilsby.