Craft Union


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Craft Union

 

a trade union whose members have a specialized skill or are qualified for a given type of work. The first craft unions arose in the late 18th century in Great Britain, Western Europe, and the United States. With the growing division of labor and the simultaneous rise of large-scale capitalist enterprises, the craft unions were superseded by the industrial unions, which united all the workers of a single enterprise, whatever their occupation, and were thus more relevant to the needs of the workers’ class struggle. The industrial unions’ influence among workers has grown considerably in the 20th century; nevertheless, craft unions have survived in a number of capitalist countries—such as Great Britain and the USA—and are even the predominant type of union in certain branches of the economy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, both before but especially during the 1968 strikes, the UFT also practised a very specific form of craft union exclusionism by supporting testing policies that ended up restricting African-American and Puerto Rican entry into the ranks of new teachers and school supervisors.
In the end, the strike was broken by workers brought in by rail from other furniture-making centers, the poverty induced by the length of the strike, the 2,000 striking workers not allowed to join the exclusive craft unions and receive strike benefits, and the official condemnation of the Christian Reformed Church, the Protestant religion of the Dutch strikers.
Because the craft unions had few or no black members, Federal contractors rarely hired blacks for skilled positions.
To alleviate this problem, the association has reached out to high schools in Western Canada to educate them about our industry, increased our presence at trade shows and conferences and worked with the four pipeline craft unions to streamline experienced workers from their, affiliates in the United States.
The fierce rivalry among craft unions that dominated organized labour in the province and the new trade unions that sought to organize workers on an industry-wide basis may have allowed worker militancy in Quebec shipyards to grow.
Nimura attributes these differences to the evolution of labor and labor organization in Japan and notes in particular that Japan possessed little of the craft union tradition co mmon to the West and therefore evolved along different lines.
Other ITU members, fearing that their union's identity would be lost in the Teamsters organization, sought a merger with the only other major craft union in the industry, the newly formed GCIU.
She claims that "research on the adaptability of the craft union through perilous economic conditions could provide important lessons for industrial and service sector unions facing the same conditions that have always characterized construction: highly competitive building processes, institutionalized outsourcing and subcontracting; new work organization and new technologies.
In addition to providing an insightful look at the recent history of a craft union, it suggests broad strategies for arresting the long-term decline of the U.
AMFA's craft union is the largest labor organization in the airline industry representing aircraft maintenance technicians and related support personnel with over 16,000 members at carriers including Alaska Airlines, United Airlines, Southwest Airlines, Northwest Airlines, ATA, Horizon and Mesaba Airlines.
The strike collapsed on its fourth day when the Guild failed to dissuade or prevent craft union members from crossing picket lines.
Instead, they drew upon the legacy of the craft union movement of the 1870s and 1880s.