cramp

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cramp,

painful uncontrollable contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. The type that results from cold, strain, or disturbance of circulation (as experienced by swimmers) is eased by massage and the application of heat. Cramp in the abdominal or skeletal muscles brought on by hard physical exertion in extremely high temperatures (e.g., in miners, stokers, or firemen) because of loss of salt from the body during profuse perspiration can last for hours or days if untreated. Such cramps are considered to be a type of heat exhaustionheat exhaustion,
condition caused by overexposure to sunlight or another heat source and resulting in dehydration and salt depletion, also known as heat prostration. The symptoms are severe headaches, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, and sometimes unconsciousness.
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. A cool atmosphere and the replacement of salt and water orally or intravenously is required, and application of heat is not recommended. Heat cramps in persons who do heavy labor can be prevented by the addition of salt to drinking water or by taking salt tablets. Contraction of muscles in a hollow organ is known as coliccolic,
intense pain caused by spasmodic contractions of one of the hollow organs, e.g., the stomach, intestine, gall bladder, ureter, or oviduct. The cause of colic is irritation and/or obstruction, and the irritant and/or obstruction may be a stone (as in the gall bladder or
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. A stitch in the side is due to a cramp in the muscles between the ribs.

cramp

[kramp]
(design engineering)
A metal plate with bent ends used to hold blocks together.
(medicine)
Painful, involuntary contraction of a muscle, such as a leg or foot cramp that may occur in normal individuals at night or in swimming.
Any cramplike pain, as of the intestine, or that accompanying dysmenorrhea.
Spasm of certain muscles, which may be intermittent or constant, from excessive use.

cramp

cramp, 1
1. A U-shaped metal fastening to hold adjacent units of masonry together, as in a

cramp

1
1. a painful involuntary contraction of a muscle, typically caused by overexertion, heat, or chill
2. temporary partial paralysis of a muscle group
3. severe abdominal pain

cramp

2
1. a strip of metal with its ends bent at right angles, used to bind masonry
2. a device for holding pieces of wood while they are glued; clamp
References in periodicals archive ?
Participants with venous insufficiency experienced a 40% reduction in the number of cramps, and athletes with frequent cramping experienced a 13% reduction in the number of cramps while on Pycnogenol.
All that frustration, in addition to Martin's cramping, subsided following the winning goal.
If Randy can prevent heat-stroke and cramping or even obtain an earlier diagnosis, he believes the cost of the pills to the OU football team is money well spent.
So the first line of defense against cramping is to encourage your athletes to consume more salt and drink enough of the right fluids.
And, remember, if you're having problems with missed or skipped periods, bad cramping, or heavy or prolonged bleeding, you definitely need to see a doctor, whether it be your family practitioner or a gyno
Skeletal muscles in the limbs and elsewhere are prone to cramping.
Stand with all your weight on the affected leg and try to stretch the cramping muscle.
I'm a triathlete, and despite adequate training, hydration, and sodium intake I still get severe muscle cramping during my races.
People with leg cramping due to circulation problems might not benefit.
He was doubled over, vomiting and trying frantically to stretch his badly cramping hamstring muscles.
12 /PRNewswire/ -- If you've ever seen a football player suddenly go down and double-over in pain during a game or practice, you've probably witnessed heat cramping -- a phenomenon occurring during football "two-a-days" when players practice in the hottest days of the summer.
Some symptoms include headache, nausea, feeling faint or dizzy, cramping, chills, and clammy skin.