cramp

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cramp,

painful uncontrollable contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. The type that results from cold, strain, or disturbance of circulation (as experienced by swimmers) is eased by massage and the application of heat. Cramp in the abdominal or skeletal muscles brought on by hard physical exertion in extremely high temperatures (e.g., in miners, stokers, or firemen) because of loss of salt from the body during profuse perspiration can last for hours or days if untreated. Such cramps are considered to be a type of heat exhaustionheat exhaustion,
condition caused by overexposure to sunlight or another heat source and resulting in dehydration and salt depletion, also known as heat prostration. The symptoms are severe headaches, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, and sometimes unconsciousness.
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. A cool atmosphere and the replacement of salt and water orally or intravenously is required, and application of heat is not recommended. Heat cramps in persons who do heavy labor can be prevented by the addition of salt to drinking water or by taking salt tablets. Contraction of muscles in a hollow organ is known as coliccolic,
intense pain caused by spasmodic contractions of one of the hollow organs, e.g., the stomach, intestine, gall bladder, ureter, or oviduct. The cause of colic is irritation and/or obstruction, and the irritant and/or obstruction may be a stone (as in the gall bladder or
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. A stitch in the side is due to a cramp in the muscles between the ribs.

cramp

[kramp]
(design engineering)
A metal plate with bent ends used to hold blocks together.
(medicine)
Painful, involuntary contraction of a muscle, such as a leg or foot cramp that may occur in normal individuals at night or in swimming.
Any cramplike pain, as of the intestine, or that accompanying dysmenorrhea.
Spasm of certain muscles, which may be intermittent or constant, from excessive use.

cramp

cramp, 1
1. A U-shaped metal fastening to hold adjacent units of masonry together, as in a

cramp

1
1. a painful involuntary contraction of a muscle, typically caused by overexertion, heat, or chill
2. temporary partial paralysis of a muscle group
3. severe abdominal pain

cramp

2
1. a strip of metal with its ends bent at right angles, used to bind masonry
2. a device for holding pieces of wood while they are glued; clamp
References in periodicals archive ?
Four adult patients were prospectively studied (mean age 61 +/- 14 years) on thrice-weekly hemodialysis who experienced two or more episodes of lower extremity cramping weekly in the month before the study.
7) When cramping occurs, patients can be advised to walk or "jiggle" the affected leg and then elevate it; to straighten the leg and flex it toward the knee; to take a hot shower or bath; or to apply ice to the cramped muscle.
He will give a president's lecture at ACSM in June: "Muscle Cramping in the Arena: Causes, Cures and Controversy.
In hot and sweaty weather, it is vital that athletes choose the right fluids to stay hydrated and maintain a healthy balance of electrolytes, most importantly sodium, to help prevent muscle cramping.
And, remember, if you're having problems with missed or skipped periods, bad cramping, or heavy or prolonged bleeding, you definitely need to see a doctor, whether it be your family practitioner or a gyno
Skeletal muscles in the limbs and elsewhere are prone to cramping.
Stand with all your weight on the affected leg and try to stretch the cramping muscle.
FLX-787 is a small molecule co-activator of the TRPA1 and TRPV1 ion channels, and has been shown to suppress muscle cramps in a human model of electrically induced cramps, and to reduce cramping frequency and the associated pain in spontaneously occurring cramps in a population with nocturnal leg cramps.
Symptoms: 6 Severe cramping pain in one of your lower legs after you''ve been exercising strenuously.
I've started to suffer calf cramping to the point where I must walk to finish the race.
an emerging wellness company, is changing women's lives by creating a topical cream to relieve pain associated with menstrual cramping.