cramp

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Related to cramps: Menstrual cramps, Leg cramps

cramp,

painful uncontrollable contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. The type that results from cold, strain, or disturbance of circulation (as experienced by swimmers) is eased by massage and the application of heat. Cramp in the abdominal or skeletal muscles brought on by hard physical exertion in extremely high temperatures (e.g., in miners, stokers, or firemen) because of loss of salt from the body during profuse perspiration can last for hours or days if untreated. Such cramps are considered to be a type of heat exhaustionheat exhaustion,
condition caused by overexposure to sunlight or another heat source and resulting in dehydration and salt depletion, also known as heat prostration. The symptoms are severe headaches, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, and sometimes unconsciousness.
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. A cool atmosphere and the replacement of salt and water orally or intravenously is required, and application of heat is not recommended. Heat cramps in persons who do heavy labor can be prevented by the addition of salt to drinking water or by taking salt tablets. Contraction of muscles in a hollow organ is known as coliccolic,
intense pain caused by spasmodic contractions of one of the hollow organs, e.g., the stomach, intestine, gall bladder, ureter, or oviduct. The cause of colic is irritation and/or obstruction, and the irritant and/or obstruction may be a stone (as in the gall bladder or
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. A stitch in the side is due to a cramp in the muscles between the ribs.

cramp

[kramp]
(design engineering)
A metal plate with bent ends used to hold blocks together.
(medicine)
Painful, involuntary contraction of a muscle, such as a leg or foot cramp that may occur in normal individuals at night or in swimming.
Any cramplike pain, as of the intestine, or that accompanying dysmenorrhea.
Spasm of certain muscles, which may be intermittent or constant, from excessive use.

cramp

cramp, 1
1. A U-shaped metal fastening to hold adjacent units of masonry together, as in a

cramp

1
1. a painful involuntary contraction of a muscle, typically caused by overexertion, heat, or chill
2. temporary partial paralysis of a muscle group
3. severe abdominal pain

cramp

2
1. a strip of metal with its ends bent at right angles, used to bind masonry
2. a device for holding pieces of wood while they are glued; clamp
References in periodicals archive ?
To relieve cramp, stretch and massage the muscles that are affected.
Muscle cramps may have serious consequences for patients who experience them.
The stomach cramp that you might get from running is a very common thing and could have several causes.
Experts no longer think this is the case, since stomach cramps rarely occur while swimming.
Players most prone to disabling whole-body cramps are those most lean and fit, intense and explosive at their position, who take many reps in the heat, sweat early and heavily, and cake with salt.
By contrast, the incidence of cramps in women living with smokers climbed in proportion to the number of cigarettes that were smoked daily in the home.
Further, skeletal muscle cramps at any site may arise from the intramuscular portion of the motor nerve terminal itself[10] or from the peripheral portion of the nerve.
5-ounce packs of Raisin Dips) had significantly higher rates of nausea and cramps than people who were given a (lookalike but salatrim-free) placebo.
Educating employees to be aware of the need to replace fluids and salt lost through perspiring and to recognize the signs of dehydration, exhaustion, fainting, heat cramps and heat stroke is vital.
If you are swimming and your calves start to cramp, stop and stretch the calf muscles.
Nearly everyone has had leg cramps, but why they occur is not well understood.
Cramp911 is an over-the-counter muscle relaxer aimed at relieving cramps in under a minute, thus preventing the nagging "post-cramp pain" that can linger for hours.