cranberry

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cranberry,

low creeping evergreen bogbog,
very old lake without inlet or outlet that becomes acid and is gradually overgrown with a characteristic vegetation (see swamp). Peat moss, or sphagnum, grows around the edge of the open water of a bog (peat is obtained from old bogs) and out on the surface.
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 plant of the genus Oxycoccus of the family Ericaceae (heathheath,
in botany, common name for some members of the Ericaceae, a family of chiefly evergreen shrubs with berry or capsule fruits. Plants of the heath family form the characteristic vegetation of many regions with acid soils, particularly the moors, swamps, and mountain slopes
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 family). Cranberries are considered by some botanists to belong to the blueberry genus Vaccinium. The cultivated species is the native American or large cranberry (O. or V. macrocarpus). The tart red berries are used for sauces, jellies, pies, and beverages. The Massachusetts colonists probably served wild cranberries with turkey at the first harvest feast in 1621, establishing a Thanksgiving tradition. Commercial cultivation began in Massachusetts in the early 19th cent., then in New Jersey and Wisconsin, later in Washington and Oregon and in Canada. United States cranberry acreage now totals c.25,000. Massachusetts leads in production, followed by Wisconsin and New Jersey. Cranberry bogs are flooded to control weeds, to protect against cold, and to facilitate harvesting. Cranberry is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ericales, family Ericaceae. The high-bush cranberry or cranberry tree, a member of the honeysucklehoneysuckle,
common name for some members of the Caprifoliaceae, a family comprised mostly of vines and shrubs of the Northern Hemisphere, especially abundant in E Asia and E North America.
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 family, is unrelated.

Bibliography

See P. Eck, The American Cranberry (1990).

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cranberry

cranberry

Red tart berries, small leathery shiny oval leaves that stay green year round on wiry stems, white/pink flowers. Used for pleurisy and lung infections. Cranberry may help prevent urinary tract infections, kill viruses and bacteria, prevent kidney stones, soothes rectal disturbances, diarrhea, cystitis. More of a preventative measure than curative. Do not consume if taking Warfarin.

cranberry

[′kran‚ber·ē]
(botany)
Any of several plants of the genus Vaccinium, especially V. macrocarpon, in the order Ericales, cultivated for its small, edible berries.

cranberry

any of several trailing ericaceous shrubs of the genus Vaccinium, such as the European V. oxycoccus, that bear sour edible red berries
References in periodicals archive ?
Cranberry juice and the antibacterial action of hippuric acid.
The purpose of this study was to determine if daily consumption of cranberry juice decreased symptoms of UTIs.
Now that we've updated our review with more studies, the results suggest that cranberry juice is even less effective at preventing UTIs than was shown in the last update," said lead researcher Ruth Jepson of the University of Stirling in Stirling, UK.
A major study found that elderly women prone to urinary tract infections who drank 300 ml of undiluted cranberry juice per day had lower levels of harmful bacteria in their urine.
It was known from previous research that a particular type of molecule in cranberry juice had strong anti-biofilm activity, but we wanted to compare how isolated PACs worked in comparison to the whole juice," said Terri Camesano, professor of chemical engineering at WPI and senior author on the paper.
Cranberry juice has also been found to be as effective as the antibiotic cefaclor for preventing UTIs in children who had recurrent UTIs because of a condition that causes urine to flow backwards from the bladder into the ureters (vesicoureteral reflux).
1 in Clinical Infectious Diseases, college-aged women who tested positive for having a urinary tract infection were assigned to drink eight ounces of cranberry juice or a placebo twice daily for either six months or until a recurrence of infection, whichever happened first.
Cranberry juice may protect against cavities by preventing bacteria from clinging to teeth.
SINNER: Cranberry juice, Organic, Sainsbury's, 50 cals per 100ml
With such promising research, it is exciting to consider the cranberry's importance as a potential tool to help fight bacteria naturally," comments a spokesman for cranberry juice cocktail supplier Ocean Spray.
Cranberry juice (Vaccinium macrocarpon) is a widely used and recommended North-American folk remedy for prophylaxis of urinary tract infections (UTI).
Cranberry juice contains two constituents, fructose and a group of compounds called proanthocyanidins (condensed tannins) that prevent attachment to the uropathogenic type 1 and Pfimbriated strains of E.