cranial nerve


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cranial nerve

[′krān·ē·əl ′nərv]
(neuroscience)
Any of the paired nerves which arise in the brainstem of vertebrates and pass to peripheral structures through openings in the skull.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite reports of cranial neuropathy, including higher rates of facial palsy, ophthalmoplegia, and dysphagia, we observed no substantial pathologic findings in the patient's cranial nerves I, II, III, V, VI, or VII.
Multiple symmetric bilateral cranial nerve palsies in patients with unregulated diabetes mellitus: report of three cases.
The syndrome has been characterized by episodic orbital pain accompanied by paralysis of the oculomotor, trochlear, and/or abducens cranial nerves that tends to resolve spontaneously but may remit and relapse [10].
2,7 In cases with petrous apex syndrome, facial nerve paralysis is common and also other cranial nerve (II-X) deficits may occur because of the inflammatory process and oedema when the infection spreads to the skull base or cavernous sinus.
Post-mortem examinations of patients in motor vehicle accidents have demonstrated injury to cranial nerve 4 at its exit from the brainstem in the dorsal midbrain (9).
Occulomotor (3rd), supratrochlear (4th), first branch of trigeminal (5th) and abducent (6th) cranial nerves enter the orbit through the supraorbital fissure while the optic nerve along with the ophthalmic artery enters the orbit via the optic canal.
It should be noted here that "Cranial Nerve Symptoms" is a collection of the Cranial Nerve Symptoms data from every individual with the role of patient, and the doctor usually requests this access purpose for medical research.
Left acoustic (VIII) and facial (VII) cranial nerve palsies occurred initially, followed by trigeminal (V), abducens (VI) glossopharyngeal (XI), vagal (X), accessory (XI), and hypoglossal (XII) left sided cranial nerve palsies.
Rhinocerebral mucormycosis in a diabetic patient with cranial nerve involvement.
The first case of bilateral 7th cranial nerve palsy as part of an acute seroconversion reaction was reported in 1989 in a 45-year-old homosexual postgraduate student in California.
Herpes zoster most often involves the thoracic dermatomes, particularly T5 to T1214 and 20% of patients have disease in the distribution of a cranial nerve, and lumbosacral dermatomes, especially L1 to L2, are affected in 16% of patients.