craniometry


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craniometry

[‚krā·nē′äm·ə·trē]
(anthropology)
The science of measuring the skull, especially for determining characteristics of a particular race, sex, or somatotype.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this sense, as Schiebinger indicates, skull size or craniometry as an index of relative intelligence and racial difference simply were displaced by IQ tests and the science of interpreting these scores in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Scientists who supported this theory claimed that a racial hierarchy and the measurement of intelligence can be obtained by craniometry (accurate measurement of human skulls from around the world) and certain psychological and IQ tests.
Metric variation covers craniometry, moving from a brief outline of measurement methods to discussion of influences on skull form: non-genetic, such as diet and climate, and genetic.
Morton's own craniometry had shown the Semite skull to be inferior to the Teuton.
At the same time that the European-American frontier was being pushed westward, a new and distinctively American "science" of craniometry was developing an "objective" method for differentiating among races (see Jeffries 156).
The editors steer clear of the familiar narrative of craniometry and eugenics, and emphasize other fields among the natural and social sciences: natural history, genetics, anthropology, medicine, and sociology.