craniopharyngioma


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craniopharyngioma

[¦krā·nē·ō·fə‚rin·jē′ō·mə]
(medicine)
An epithelial tumor of the craniopharyngeal canal, usually in children.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the patients aged below 20 years, there are 2 cases of craniopharyngioma, 1 case of Medulloblastoma, Tuberculoma, Ependymoma/Oligodendroglioma each.
Major considerations for a solid suprasellar mass would include a craniopharyngioma, pituitary macroadenoma, or a germ cell tumor (including teratomas).
Key Words: Spectrum, glioma, meningioma, neurofibroma, medulloblastoma, medulloepithelioma, craniopharyngioma, paraganglioma.
Craniopharyngioma and other cystic epithelial lesions of the sellar region: a review of clinical, imaging, and histopathological relationships.
These included angiomatous meningioma, Non-Hodgkins lymphoma, metastatic renal cell carcinoma, cerebellopontine angle fibrous meningioma, and craniopharyngioma.
The first detailed description of cystic suprasellar craniopharyngioma was made in 1857 by Zenker.
Here we present a case report of intracavitary treatment of a craniopharyngioma with radioactive isotopes which was performed with the specific aim of reducing the morbidity associated with aggressive surgical treatment.
They discuss hypothalamic function and pathophysiology, including vasopressin, oxytocin, and corticotropin-releasing hormone and neuroendocrine regulation, stress and water metabolism, and their role as mediators of emotional and social behaviors; new developments in disorders of the pituitary gland, including active and inactive adenomas, Rathke's cleft cysts, craniopharyngioma, and unusual forms of hypopituitarism; and controversial issues like Nelson syndrome, familial pituitary tumors, and autoimmune hypophysitis, as well as central adrenal insufficiency, hypothyroidism, growth hormone deficiency, the irreversible consequences of pituitary tumors and their treatment on quality of life and neuropsychologic function, and neuroendocrine mechanisms in adaptation to exercise.
BRAF V600E mutations are characteristic for papillary craniopharyngioma and may coexist with CTNNB1-mutated adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma.
8,12) More recently, a PNET after radiation for craniopharyngioma has been reported.