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Related to crawdad: crayfish




freshwater crustaceancrustacean
, primarily aquatic arthropod of the subphylum Crustacea. Most of the 44,000 crustacean species are marine, but there are many freshwater forms. The few groups that inhabit terrestrial areas have not been particularly successful in an evolutionary sense; most require
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 smaller than but structurally very similar to its marine relative the lobsterlobster,
marine crustacean with five pairs of jointed legs, the first bearing large pincerlike claws of unequal size adapted to crushing the shells of its prey. The segmented body of the lobster consists of a large cephalothorax (made up of 14 segments) and a moveable, muscular
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, and found in ponds and streams in most parts of the world except Africa. Crayfish grow some 3 to 4 in. (7.6–10.2 cm) in length and are usually brownish green; some cave-dwelling forms are colorless and eyeless. They are scavengers, feeding on decayed organic matter and also on small fish. The swamp crayfish digs a burrow up to 3 ft (91 cm) deep with a water-filled cavity at the bottom in case of drought. The eggs develop while attached to the swimming legs of the female and look like miniature adults when hatched. Although crayfish are not eaten in most parts of the United States, they are consumed in areas in the Mississippi River basin and are used in the Louisiana area in a thick soup called crayfish bisque. They are agricultural pests in the Mississippi Delta area, where they feed on sprouting wheat and corn. A red-clawed species is considered a delicacy in Europe. Crayfish are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, subphylum Crustacea, order Decapoda.



an invertebrate of the order Decapoda. The body length is usually 6–30 cm, but some species, such as the Madagascar crayfish, reach a length of 80 cm. Most crayfishes inhabit freshwaters. They are nocturnal animals and hide in their burrows during the day. Crayfishes feed primarily on aquatic vegetation growing near the shore, but occasionally they feed on animal substances. The males are longer than the females and have more powerful claws. Crayfishes reproduce in the fall, after the females molt. The females carry from 50 to 100 eggs on their abdomen.

There are three families of crayfishes, distributed in temperate zones throughout the world, excluding Africa. Eight species of the family Astacidae are found in the USSR, with Astacus leptodactylus and A. astacus having the greatest commercial value. Approximately 90 percent of the entire catch of crayfishes in the USSR is from the basin of the Sea of Azov and the Baltic Sea.


Budnikov, K. N., and F. F. Tret’iakov. Rechnye raki i ikh promysel. Moscow, 1952.
Ivanov, A. V. Promyslovye vodnye bezpovonochnye. Moscow, 1955.


(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for a number of lobsterlike fresh-water decapod crustaceans in the section Astacura.


(esp US), crawfish
1. any freshwater decapod crustacean of the genera Astacus and Cambarus, resembling a small lobster
2. any of various similar crustaceans, esp the spiny lobster
References in periodicals archive ?
The creek and the crawdads were just like last year.
The PDF for each organization was cleansed and processed individually in the Crawdad system, and then they were processed together.
The City of Isleton invites regional and statewide media to become "partners in community progress" by working with the City to immediately publicize that the 2005 Crawdad Festival IS ON and is taking place in the scenic, riverfront community of Isleton.
The "City of Isleton's 2005 Crawdad Festival" also has a new theme of "family and community," and seeks to attract more families to the event to solidify its vision.
I threw about 30 feet of the bank and that big one hit," said Ameling, who was fishing with Lane and whose primary pattern was flipping a Texas- rigged watermelon colored crawdad pegged with a 1-ounce weight.
My sister and I did play long and hard with our boy cousins during those summers--swung on grapevines like Tarzan, bent down young pines, waded in sandy brown creeks, poked sticks down crawdad holes, rode the old mule, gathered eggs in the henhouse, swiped chunks of ice from the back of the ice-man's cart.
Farther south is seldom-targeted Haiwee Reservoir (pronounced HAY-wee), where smallmouth and largemouth bass dine on steady diets of crawdad and rainbow and brown brooders occasionally are stocked.
He caught his winning fish using a Gambler crawdad flipping the north end of Lake Okeechobee.
19: In Louisiana, crawdads move into flooded rice fields to feed on the remnants of that crop.
This is a restless landscape populated with mythic boys, drunken boats, hoodoo talismans, trotlines, swamps with cypress knees that resemble tombstones, glinting switchblades, and rivers teeming with slithery gars, catfish, and crawdads.
The series will continue weekly on Sunday nights with the finale being a South Atlantic League (Single-A) matchup between North Carolina rivals, the Hickory Crawdads and the Greensboro Grasshoppers.
Those folks blessed with a sense of rhythm (ie only one left foot) and acquainted with the Terpsichorean art can see-out the gig without sitting down - unless you fancy a bowl of jambalya, crawdads or a po' boy