crawl


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crawl

Swimming a stroke in which the feet are kicked like paddles while the arms reach forward and pull back through the water

Crawl

 

the fastest and most popular stroke in short- and long-distance swimming. All contemporary world, Olympic, and national swimming records in freestyle (in which the swimmer can use any stroke) were established using the crawl. The stroke was first used in competition in the early 20th century.

In swimming the crawl face down, the swimmer's body lies freely on the surface of the water, and the face is submerged in the water so that the forehead and part of the top of the head are covered. The legs, stretched out freely to the tips of the toes, press up and down against the water, quickly and in turn, with springy movements; the heels reach the surface of the water. The feet are turned inward somewhat and limp. One leg presses down against the water, bending a little at the knee, while the other, being raised toward the surface, straightens. The amplitude of the leg movements is 40–50 cm. The legs work as close to each other as possible and, when the stroke is done properly, churn the water evenly.

The arms supply the main driving force in swimming the crawl; bent slightly at the elbow, they enter the water in front of the shoulders. The hand goes under first, followed by the forearm and shoulder. The arm is extended and simultaneously lowered. When it reaches an angle of 20°-30° to the water surface, it bends at the wrist and elbow to “grasp” the water better and strokes more rapidly. The palm passes under the body in a sagittal plane, and the stroke ends near the thigh. Stroking speed increases gradually. To increase the effectiveness of the stroke, the swimmer's palm changes position; at first the hand is bent at the wrist, then it gradually straightens. The stroke is long, powerful, and free. After stroking, the arm is drawn lightly out of the water near the thigh, is bent freely at the elbow, is carried forward in a circular motion, and begins a new stroke.

While one arm is stroking, the other is being carried forward above the water. To inhale, the head is turned to the side (right or left) at the end of the stroke so that the mouth is out of the water; the breath is taken at the moment when the arm is ending its stroke and beginning its movement above the water. Having inhaled, the swimmer turns his head face down, before the arm touches the water, and exhales. Both inhaling and exhaling are done through the mouth. For every two strokes with the arms, that is, one cycle of movement, the swimmer usually makes six kicks with his legs. Depending on the distance, the individual characteristics of the swimmer, the swimming speed, and so on, several deviations from the described technique of swimming the crawl are possible.

A. M. Shumin, V. V. Ushakov, N. S. Borisov, V. I. Sorokin, V. V. Bure, and other Soviet swimmers have made important contributions to the improvement of this technique. Soviet records in swimming the crawl, particularly at short distances for men, closely approximate world records. The crawl can also be done successfully on one's back.

N. A. BUTOVICH

crawl

The movement of paint in a wet paint film that does not remain evenly spread but redistributes itself after application, usually as a result of an imperfect bond with the surface.

crawl

To search the Internet for hosts, Web pages or blogs. See spider.
References in classic literature ?
Still the Indian Summer held on, and he continued to crawl and faint, turn and turn about; and ever the sick wolf coughed and wheezed at his heels.
We know crawl space repair better than anybody else so there was little chance for us to find someone who knows better than us but we did want to find someone who knew logistics.
Attics and crawl spaces often fall victim to these infestations and cost homeowners thousands of dollars in repairs.
Due to be held next Friday, the crawl will take in eight miles of the city, including Newcastle and Gateshead Quayside, Victoria Tunnel and the beautiful green spaces of Jesmond Dene.
Last year when I was in the centre I noticed the Culture Crawl for London which I thought looked a great way to raise money for Maggie's.
He said: "The Culture Crawl provides an enjoyable and unusual way of seeing some of the city's landmarks, as well as providing access to some of its best kept secrets.
We analysed the 44 custom-made pub crawls in Cardiff listed on the website barcrawl.
The pub crawl is supported by Campaign for Real Ale and the next one starts at Ma Boyles on Thursday, July 23, from 6.
Last week an 18-year-old girl believed to be on a Carnage crawl was seen on social media performing sex acts on more than 20 men.
The crawl space is lined with a thick tar-paper-like material.
He convinces them to re-stage the pub crawl, only to find their hometown has changed a lot.
A dolphin trainer, who works in Sebastopol, Ukraine, has trained a 15-year-old dolphin, Gosha, to jump out of the water and to crawl about 10 metres alongside the swimming pool.