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Swimming a stroke in which the feet are kicked like paddles while the arms reach forward and pull back through the water



the fastest and most popular stroke in short- and long-distance swimming. All contemporary world, Olympic, and national swimming records in freestyle (in which the swimmer can use any stroke) were established using the crawl. The stroke was first used in competition in the early 20th century.

In swimming the crawl face down, the swimmer's body lies freely on the surface of the water, and the face is submerged in the water so that the forehead and part of the top of the head are covered. The legs, stretched out freely to the tips of the toes, press up and down against the water, quickly and in turn, with springy movements; the heels reach the surface of the water. The feet are turned inward somewhat and limp. One leg presses down against the water, bending a little at the knee, while the other, being raised toward the surface, straightens. The amplitude of the leg movements is 40–50 cm. The legs work as close to each other as possible and, when the stroke is done properly, churn the water evenly.

The arms supply the main driving force in swimming the crawl; bent slightly at the elbow, they enter the water in front of the shoulders. The hand goes under first, followed by the forearm and shoulder. The arm is extended and simultaneously lowered. When it reaches an angle of 20°-30° to the water surface, it bends at the wrist and elbow to “grasp” the water better and strokes more rapidly. The palm passes under the body in a sagittal plane, and the stroke ends near the thigh. Stroking speed increases gradually. To increase the effectiveness of the stroke, the swimmer's palm changes position; at first the hand is bent at the wrist, then it gradually straightens. The stroke is long, powerful, and free. After stroking, the arm is drawn lightly out of the water near the thigh, is bent freely at the elbow, is carried forward in a circular motion, and begins a new stroke.

While one arm is stroking, the other is being carried forward above the water. To inhale, the head is turned to the side (right or left) at the end of the stroke so that the mouth is out of the water; the breath is taken at the moment when the arm is ending its stroke and beginning its movement above the water. Having inhaled, the swimmer turns his head face down, before the arm touches the water, and exhales. Both inhaling and exhaling are done through the mouth. For every two strokes with the arms, that is, one cycle of movement, the swimmer usually makes six kicks with his legs. Depending on the distance, the individual characteristics of the swimmer, the swimming speed, and so on, several deviations from the described technique of swimming the crawl are possible.

A. M. Shumin, V. V. Ushakov, N. S. Borisov, V. I. Sorokin, V. V. Bure, and other Soviet swimmers have made important contributions to the improvement of this technique. Soviet records in swimming the crawl, particularly at short distances for men, closely approximate world records. The crawl can also be done successfully on one's back.



The movement of paint in a wet paint film that does not remain evenly spread but redistributes itself after application, usually as a result of an imperfect bond with the surface.


To search the Internet for hosts, Web pages or blogs. See spider.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is possible that appeals in a commercial and appeals in a news crawl could work with or against each other.
In Figure 1 we can see that the mean speed of a swimmer is directly proportional to the depth of stroke, which confirms our hypothesis 1 that swimmers with deeper crawl arms stroke have a higher speed than swimmers with smaller depth of stroke.
In order to accomplish this, an outside crawl space entry will need to be constructed.
The pub crawl sees the false camaraderie hilariously demolished, especially when Oliver's sister Sam (Pike), the woman Steven and Gary both lusted after, arrives on the scene.
I noticed once that a dolphin crawls out of the water to the swimming pool edge when some person is walking alongside the pool," Dolgy said.
In response to the theoretical models used in empirical Aquatic Physical Therapy, we say that for the rehabilitation of cervical-brachial axis work in progress: (1) crawl without tube, (2) crawling tube, (3) crawl tube and (4) crawl without tube.
For a crawl of a medium-sized site with a few thousand links and a few different media types (HTML, images, audio, stylesheets, etc.
Crawler filled the form; crawl the information lie behind that form and then indexer saved the crawled information in database for future use.
In order to crawl thousands of sites within a short amount of time and allow complex content processing, it is necessary to distribute the crawling process on a cluster.
The KB Crawl suite of web monitoring applications includes modules for monitoring specific areas within web pages, for importing and exporting data, for emailing alerts, for recording browsing habits and for detecting keywords in picture files.
Halfway through the pub crawl, he'd complain loudly of feeling sick.
TELECOMWORLDWIRE-23 September 2008-KB Crawl SAS opens London office(C)1994-2008 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.