creole


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Related to creole: Cajun

creole

(crē`ōl), Span. criollo (crēōl`yō) [probably from crío=child], term originally applied in West Indies to the native-born descendants of the Spanish conquerors. The term has since been applied to certain descendants in the West Indies and the American continents of French, Portuguese, and Spanish settlers. The creoles were distinguished from the natives, the blacks, and from people born in Europe. A sharp distinction of interest always lay between the creoles, whose chief devotion was to the colony, and the foreign-born officials, whose devotion was to the mother country. Never precise, the term acquired various meanings in different countries. It has biological and cultural connotations. The term was early adopted in the United States in Louisiana, where it is still used to distinguish the descendants of the original French settlers from the Cajuns, who are at least partially descended from the Acadian exiles. The word is also commonly applied to things native to the New World, such as creole cuisine and creole horses. The term is also used in places distant from the Americas, such as the island of Mauritius, but there it has lost much of its original meaning. The picturesque life of the Louisiana creoles has been ably depicted in the works of Lafcadio Hearn, George Washington Cable, and Grace King.

Bibliography

See F. J. Woods, Marginality and Identity (1972).

creole

a language that has its origin in extended contact between two language communities, one of which is generally European. It incorporates features from each and constitutes the mother tongue of a community

Creole

1. in the Caribbean and Latin America
a. a native-born person of European, esp Spanish, ancestry
b. a native-born person of mixed European and African ancestry who speaks a French or Spanish creole
c. a native-born Black person as distinguished from one brought from Africa
2. (in Louisiana and other Gulf States of the US) a native-born person of French ancestry
3. the creolized French spoken in Louisiana, esp in New Orleans
References in periodicals archive ?
Kid Creole, or rather "Mr Darnell" as he is described by the lady who answers his phone in Sweden, says: "I think that must have been the Hammersmith Odeon.
These works are approached through the Creole adaptations by Maryse Conde, Aime Cesiare and Georges Mauvois.
The tomato-based sauce is flavored not only with my Creole spice mix, but with Louisiana's holy trinity of vegetables: carrot, celery and bell pepper.
Ange delivered part of his address in the Creole language of the Seychelles, but President Didier Robert and Vice President Roland Robert on their part delivered part of their address in the Creole language of La Reunion.
Compromise solutions such as the Franciscans' rotation of leadership among creoles, peninsulars, and hijos de provincia (Spanish-born men who entered the priesthood in America) did not satisfy the steadily growing creole population.
In her debut novel, A World of His Own: In the Land of the Creoles, author Arlette Gaffrey dives deep into her own ancestry and into her birthplace's history to weave the story of Andre Raphael de Javon, an orphan in his 20s who lost his family to the French Revolution.
In addition to Spanish and French, the choir mainly sing in Creole, Cuba's second language, spoken by almost a million people - a fusion of African, French and other languages.
In Haitian Creole the word for "mud" is labou, which is French for "the mud.
We'll be heading south down the Mississippi to the place where European traditions blend with Caribbean influences, the street names are found in Spanish and French and the Creole architecture is vibrant with tropical colors.
The terms "Creole" and "creole language" refer to these languages, and the Caribbean area is indeed the paradise of creolistics: nowhere else in the world are such a large number of creole languages found, and they are spoken by almost everyone.