crepitation

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crepitation

[‚krep·ə′tā·shən]
(medicine)
A noise produced by the rubbing of fractured ends of bones, by cracking joints, and by pressure upon tissues containing abnormal amounts of air, as in cellular emphysema.
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The more often people complained of having crepitus, the more likely they were to develop arthritis" over the next four years, says Lo.
Whereas thirteen patients described an audible crepitus accompanied with moderate to severe pain located at the superomedial scapular angle radiates mostly to the levator scapulae muscle.
Schiphof said, adding that crepitus was an important sign of patellofemoral OA, and the feeling of giving way and joint line tenderness were important signs for tibiofemoral OA.
Crepitus is a first indication of patellofemoral osteoarthritis (and not of tibiofemoral osteoarthritis).
In a study of 22 patients with necrotizing fasciitis, 59% were found to only have erythematous and tender skin lesions on day 0, whereas signs more suggestive of necrotizing fasciitis such as crepitus and frank necrosis occurred in fewer than 5% of patients on day 0, and in 68% by day 4 [12].
Physical exam demonstrated an erythematous and edematous left foot with subcutaneous crepitus along the plantar surface.
Some of the symptoms include pain, crepitus, and stiffness after immobility and limited function.
Dusky appearance of the overlying skin; subcutaneous crepitus may be felt due to the action of gas forming microbes.
She reported: a) that the pain interfered with walking and lifting either leg, b) crepitus at the sacroiliac area with walking, c) pain at the lower back and radiating to both thighs posteriorly, worse on the right, and d) paresthesia and swelling at both legs with prolonged standing or sitting.
That same study also found that none of the 86 joints had crepitus, the creaking sound common in arthritic dogs and people.
The morning after surgery, the patient denied abdominal complaints, but reported a sore throat and substernal chest pain; palpation did not reproduce this pain, but did elicit crepitus at the neck.
Additional ecchymoses developed on the trunk and upper right shoulder, along with crepitus to palpation in the lower abdomen and both thighs.